Educational Background

  • B.S. Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park
  • M.S. Mechanical Engineering with Biomedical Option, Virginia Tech
  • Ph.D. Biomedical Engineering, Virginia Tech

Teaching Interests

  • Biomechanics and Injury Prevention
  • Injury Physiology
  • Instrumentation and Data Acquisition
  • Mechanical Design
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Statics

Research Interests

  • Auto, military, consumer product, and sports safety
  • Injury biomechanics
  • Eye injury biomechanics
  • Lower extremity injury biomechanics

Work Experience

  • Senior Research Assistant, Virginia Tech - Wake Forest Center for Injury Biomechanics (CIB) 2002-2007
  • Mechanical Engineer, Northrop Grumman Corporation 2000 - 2002
  • Flight Test Engineer, United Technologies Corporation 2000
  • Co-op Engineer, Walker Electronic Silencing, Tenneco Automotive 1997 - 1999

Honors

  • American Society of Biomechanics, Pre-Doctoral Young Scientist Award (2007)
  • VT College of Engineering Torgersen Award for PhD Research (2007)
  • SAE Stapp Car Crash Journal Student Paper Award (2006)
  • Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation (2007 Best Paper Award)
  • Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation (2006 President's Award)
  • Dean's Recognition for Outstanding Teaching (2005)
  • SAE Doctoral Scholars Recipient (2004-2007)
  • VT College of Engineering Torgersen Award for Master's Research (2004)

Professional Societies

  • American Society of Biomechanics (ASB)
  • American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE)
  • Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO)
  • Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
  • Pi Tau Sigma, Mechanical Engineering Honor Society
  • Tau Beta Pi, Engineering Honor Society

Professional Training

  • Biomechanics of High-Impact Injuries, National Transportation Safety Board (2007)
  • Biomechanics of Auto-Safety and Crash Reconstruction, Virginia Tech (2003-2007)
  • Ocular Trauma Course, Dept. of Defense, Bethesda Naval Hospital (2005)

Selected Publications

REFEREED JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS

Kennedy EA, Depinet P, Stitzel JD, Brozoski F, Duma SM (2007) Development and validation of a synthetic eye and orbit for estimating the potential for globe rupture due to specific impact conditions. Stapp Car Crash Journal. (Publication in November 2007)

Kennedy EA, Ng TP, McNally C, Stitzel JD, Duma SM (2006) Risk Functions for Human and Porcine Eye Rupture Based on Projectile Characteristics of Blunt Objects. Stapp Car Crash Journal 50: 651-671.

Manoogian SJ, Kennedy EA, Wilson K, Duma SM, Alem NM (2006) Predicting neck injuries due to head supported mass. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 77(5): 509-514.

Kemper AR, McNally C, Kennedy EA, Manoogian SJ, Rath AL, Ng TP, Stitzel JD, Smith EP, Duma SM, Matsuoka F (2005) Material properties of human rib cortical bone from dynamic tension coupon testing. Stapp Car Crash Journal 49: 199-230. SAE 2005-22-0010.

Duma SM, Ng TP, Kennedy EA, Stitzel JD, Herring IP, Kuhn F (2005) Determination of significant parameters for eye injury risk from projectiles. Journal of Trauma 59(4): 960-964.

Kennedy EA, Hurst WJ, Stitzel JD, Cormier JM, Hansen GA, Smith EP and Duma SM (2004) Lateral and posterior dynamic bending of the mid-shaft femur: fracture risk curves for the adult population. Stapp Car Crash Journal 48: 27-51. SAE 2004-22-0002.

Duma SM, Hansen GA, Kennedy EA, Rath AL, McNally C, Kemper AR, Smith EP, Brolinson G, Stitzel JD (2004) Upper extremity interaction with a helicopter side airbag: injury criteria for dynamic hyperextension of the female elbow joint. Stapp Car Crash Journal 48: 155-176. SAE 2004-22-0007.

Stitzel JD, Cormier JM, Barretta JT, Kennedy EA, Smith EP, Rath AL, Duma SM (2003) Defining regional variation in the material properties of human rib cortical bone and its effect on fracture prediction. Stapp Car Crash Journal 47: 243-265. SAE 2003-22-0012.

REFEREED CONFERENCE PUBLICATIONS

Kennedy EA, Tordonado DS, Duma SM (2007) Effects of freezing on the mechanical properties of articular cartilage. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation 43: 342-347.

Kennedy EA, McNally C, Duma SM (2007) Experimental techniques for measuring the biomechanical response of the eye during impact. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation 43: 7-12.

Kennedy EA, Duma SM, Depinet P, Morgan C, Beebe M, Roller R, Crowley J, Brozoski F (2006) Design of an advanced headform for the prediction of eye and facial injuries. 25th Army Science Conference, Orlando, Florida.

Duma SM, Hansen GA, Kennedy EA, Stitzel JD, Brozoski FT, Crowley JS (2006) Injury criteria for dynamic hyperextension of the female elbow joint. 25th Army Science Conference, Orlando, Florida.

Kennedy EA, Ng TP, Duma SM (2006) Evaluating eye injury risk of airsoft pellet guns by parametric risk functions. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation 42: 7-12.

Kennedy EA, Bonivtch AR, Manoogian SM, Stitzel JD, Herring IP, Duma SM (2006) The effects of extraocular muscles on static displacements of the human eye. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation 42: 372-377.

Manoogian SJ, Kennedy EA, Wilson K, Duma SM (2006) Prevention of facial fractures from night vision goggle impact. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation 42: 13-18.

Duma SM, Stitzel JD, Kemper AR, McNally C, Kennedy EA, Brolinson G, Matsuoka F (2006) Acquiring non-censored rib fracture data during dynamic belt loading. Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation 42: 148-153.

Kennedy EA, Voorhies KD, Herring IP, Rath AL, Duma SM (2004) Prediction of severe eye injuries in automobile accidents: static and dynamic rupture pressure of the eye. The Proceedings of the 48th Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine Conference, Key Biscayne, Florida.

Kennedy EA, Bonivtch AR, Herring IP, McNally C, Manoogian SJ, Stitzel JD, Duma SM (2005) Effects of the extraocular muscles on the response of the human eye under static and dynamic loading conditions. 33rd International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, Washington, District of Columbia.

Kemper AR, McNally C, Kennedy EA, Manoogian SJ, Rath AL, Stitzel JD, Duma SM, Matsuoka F, Hasegawa J (2004) Methods for dynamic material testing of human cortical bone specimens. 32nd International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, Nashville, Tennessee.

Duma SM, Stitzel JD, Kemper AR, McNally C, Kennedy EA, Matsuoka F (2004) A method to acquire non-censored rib fracture data during dynamic belt loading tests. 32nd International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, Nashville, Tennessee.

CONFERENCE PUBLICATIONS

Kennedy EA, Duma SM, Depinet P, Brozoski F (2007) Development of an advanced headform for the prediction of eye injuries. 31st Annual Conference of the American Society of Biomechanics, Stanford, California.

Kennedy EA, Duma SM (2007) Review of eye injuries and risk evaluation for consumer products. International Consumer Products Health & Safety Organization, Orlando, Florida.

Kennedy EA, Depinet P, McNally C, Brozoski F, Duma SM (2007) Review of automotive and military eye injuries and the application of the FOCUS headform for injury mitigation. Military Safety and Injury Biomechanics Continuing Education Seminar, Blacksburg, Virginia.

Kennedy EA, Herring IP, Duma SM (2006) Effects of the extraocular muscles on the response of the human eye under dynamic loading. 30th Annual Conference of the American Society of Biomechanics, Blacksburg, Virginia.

Kennedy EA, Herring IP, Duma SM (2006) Effects of the extraocular muscles on the response of the human eye under dynamic loading. The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Annual Meeting, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida.

Duma SM, Kennedy EA, Ng TP (2006) Evaluating eye injury risk of airsoft pellet guns by parametric risk functions. The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Annual Meeting, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida.

Kennedy EA, Voorhies KD, Rath AL, Brozoski F, Duma SD (2005) Rupture pressures for human and porcine eyes under static and dynamic loading. 29th Annual Conference of the American Society of Biomechanics, Cleveland, Ohio.

Duma SM, Stitzel JD, Kemper AR, McNally C, Kennedy E, Matsuoka F (2005) Non-censored rib fracture data from dynamic belt loading tests on the human cadaver thorax. 19th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, Washington, District of Columbia.

Kennedy EA, Duma SM, Ng TP, Stitzel JD, Kuhn F (2005) Risk functions for the prediction of specific eye injuries using projectile data. The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Annual Meeting, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida.

Duma SM, Kennedy EA, Herring IP, Rath AL, Brozoski F (2005) Static and dynamic rupture pressures of human and porcine eyes. The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Annual Meeting, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida.

Kennedy EA, Kress TA, Duma SM (2005) Lower extremity biomechanics. Automobile Safety and Injury Biomechanics Continuing Education Seminar, Blacksburg, Virginia.

Kennedy EA, Duma SM, Herring IP, Stitzel JD, Jernigan MV (2005) Eye injury biomechanics. Automobile Safety and Injury Biomechanics Continuing Education Seminar, Blacksburg, Virginia.

Kennedy EA, Duma SM (2004) Neck injury biomechanics. The Fundamentals of Automobile and Sports Injury Biomechanics Continuing Education Seminar, Roanoke, Virginia.

Stitzel JD, Kennedy EA, Rath AL, Duma SM (2004) Computer modeling techniques. The Fundamentals of Automobile and Sports Injury Biomechanics Continuing Education Seminar, Roanoke, Virginia.

Stitzel JD, Kennedy EA, Rath AL, Duma SM (2004) Thoracic injury biomechanics. The Fundamentals of Automobile and Sports Injury Biomechanics Continuing Education Seminar, Roanoke, Virginia.

Kennedy EA, Duma SM (2003) Neck injury biomechanics. The Biomechanics of Automobile Safety Continuing Education Seminar, Roanoke, Virginia.

Duma SM, Kennedy EA (2003) Introduction to automobile safety. The Biomechanics of Automobile Safety Continuing Education Seminar, Roanoke, Virginia.

Duma SM, Stitzel JD, Kennedy EA (2003) Research tools and information. The Biomechanics of Automobile Safety Continuing Education Seminar, Roanoke, Virginia.

Duma SM, Kennedy EA (2003) Lower extremity injury biomechanics. The Biomechanics of Automobile Safety Continuing Education Seminar, Roanoke, Virginia.

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