Program Director: Molly M. McGuire

Coordinating Committee: Maria A. Antonaccio (environmental ethics), Thomas DiStefano (civil and environmental engineering), Duane Griffin (geography), Ellen Herman (geology), Ben Marsh (geography), Molly McGuire (chemistry), Matthew McTammany (biology), Alfred Siewers (ecocriticism), Peter Wilshusen (environmental planning and policy), Amanda Wooden (politics and policy)

Professor: Ben Marsh

Associate Professors: Matthew McTammany, Peter Wilshusen, Amanda Wooden

Assistant Professors: Heather P. Bedi (visiting), Andrew Stuhl

Environmental Studies is the interdisciplinary examination of how natural sciences, policy studies, social sciences, humanities, and engineering combine to inform the consideration of humanity's effects on the natural world. This program educates the student to appreciate the complexity of environmental issues and solve them by working with citizens and experts in many fields. With a major in Environmental Studies, students have the latitude to create a course theme in an area of specialization while they simultaneously develop a breadth of interdisciplinary and methodological knowledge in the environmental fields.

Specifically, the program has two major tracks: a Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Studies and a Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Science. Each requires the interdisciplinary study of environmental issues and an understanding of the complexity of the relationship between humanity and the environment, while they allow the student to concentrate his/her studies in a field of particular interest to that student. The B.A. in Environmental Studies is designed for those who want to develop core concentrations in the social sciences, policy and law, or the humanities, although a science concentration is also possible with this choice. The B.A. in Environmental Science is designed for students who want a concentrated knowledge of science as the core of their interdisciplinary environment education. Environmental Science is a coordinate major and can only be declared as a second major by students also majoring in biology, chemistry, or geology.

Most Environmental Studies majors benefit from studying abroad. Field-based programs — such as School for Field Studies or School for International Training — are especially appropriate for Environmental Studies and Environmental Science students.

Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Studies

An interdisciplinary Bachelor of Arts major in Environmental Studies is offered for the student with an abiding interest in the general environmental problems faced by humans, and with special concern for their humanistic, policy, and social sciences aspects. The B.A. in Environmental Studies is a strong, broad, liberal arts degree. It also is a preparation for one of the growing numbers of environmental careers in planning, business, non-profits, law, administration, or education.

The Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Studies major requires 10 courses distributed as follows:

  • ENST 201 Environmental Problems-Sustainable Futures
  • ENST 302 Environmental Research Design
  • GEOG 332 Evolution, Ecology, and Human Impact (ENST 208 may be substituted)
  • GEOL 106 Environmental Geology or GEOL 103 Physical/Environmental Geology (GEOL 150 may be substituted with permission)
  • Humanities core course* (see list A)
  • Human-environmental systems science course* (see list B)
  • Three (3) environmental studies electives* (see list C)
  • ENST 411 Environmental Community Projects (Senior Clinic)

Clusters of courses with a common theme have been designed from lists A, B, and C that fulfill the above *requirements while focusing on an area of Environmental Studies each student finds most interesting. See the Environmental Studies website for a full listing of these themes and their courses. All B.A. majors are expected to select a theme from this list, or consult with their academic adviser to design their own theme, by the fall of the third year.

Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Science

The B.A. in Environmental Science is only available as a second major to students who major in biology, chemistry, or geology and therefore may be thought of as a means of adding an environmental concentration to a B.A. science degree. These three disciplines form the core of Environmental Science, and consequently the first major ensures that students have sufficient depth of knowledge in a particular area of Environmental Science. Complementing the depth a student receives from the biology, chemistry, or geology major, the B.A. in Environmental Science provides breadth across the interdisciplinary field of Environmental Science. The major is not intended as — nor can it be declared as — a stand-alone course of study. No courses may be counted for both majors.

The B.A. in Environmental Science requires 8 courses distributed as follows:

1) ENST 201 Environmental Problems - Sustainable Futures

2 and 3) Two of the three introductory courses from the disciplines within the environmental sciences, but outside the student's primary major.

  • GEOL 103 Physical/Environmental Geology
  • BIOL 208 Population and Community Biology
  • CHEM 160 Introduction to Environmental Chemistry

4) One of the following courses:

  • ENST 245 Environmental Policy and Politics
  • ENST 240 Sustainable Resource Management
  • RELI 226 Environmental Ethics

5-7) Three science or engineering courses from list D. These may not be from the same department as the student's primary major. Other courses not included in the regular catalog offerings (e.g. special topics courses) may be counted with permission.

8) ENST 411 Environmental Community Projects

Minor in Environmental Studies

The minor in Environmental Studies requires five courses distributed as follows:

  • ENST 245 Environmental Policy and Politics or ENST 240 Sustainable Resource Management
  • BIOL 208 Population and Community Biology, ENST/GEOG 234 Human Ecology, GEOG 113 Human Impact on the Environment, GEOG 332 Evolution, Ecology, and Human Impact, GEOL 103 Physical/Environmental Geology, or GEOL 106 Environmental Geology
  • Three electives from list C.

Disciplinary Depth Requirements

Disciplinary depth requirements of the College Core Curriculum (CCC). For both the Environmental Studies and Environmental Science majors, ENST 411 will fulfill the Culminating Experience requirement. In this senior "clinic" course, students apply research methods and the broad perspectives gained in ENST courses in a group setting to a local environmental issue, thus culminating the major experience. Students will receive instruction in the other in-major components of the CCC (writing, speaking, and information literacy) as part of their major coursework.

Course lists

The Environmental Studies degrees are based on these lists of courses:

List A: Humanities Courses
ENGL 120 Literature and the Environment, ENGL 210 Nature Writing/Writing Nature, ENGL 340 Medieval Nature Writing and Ecosemiotics, ENST 205 Green Utopias, ENST 206 Environmentalism and Its Discontents, ENST 207 American Environmental History, ENST 216 Preindustrial Environment, ENST 224 Visions of the Susquehanna, ENST 225 Susquehanna Country, ENST 227 Ecopoetics, ENST 236 Environmental Ethics, ENST 255 Environmental Justice, PHIL 218 Ecology, Nature and the Future, RELI 229 The Ethics of Consumption, RELI 230 The End of the Nature and the Post-human Future.

List B: Human-Environment Systems Science Courses
ENST/GEOG 234 Human Ecology, ENST/GEOG 345 Food and the Environment, GEOG 257 Global Environmental Change, GEOG 332 Evolution, Ecology, and Human Impact, GEOL 310 Applied Environmental Geomorphology.

List C: Electives
All course with the ENST course designation, all courses in list A and B, ANTH 260 Environmental Anthropology, CENG 432 Sustainable Transportation Planning, ECON 231 Resources and the Environment, GEOG 231 Weather and Climate, GEOL 205 Introduction to Geochemistry, GEOL 207 Environmental Geohazards, GEOL 210 Geomorphology, SOCI 220 Environmental Sociology.

List D: Environmental-Science courses

BIOL 206: Organismal Biology
BIOL 245: Tropical Marine Biology
BIOL 266: Animal Behavior
BIOL 312: Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy*
BIOL 313: Mammalogy*
BIOL 318: Comparative Physiology*
BIOL 321: Behavioral Ecology
BIOL 334: Limnology
BIOL 341: Organic Evolution
BIOL 353: Ecosystem Ecology
BIOL 354: Tropical Ecology
BIOL 355: Social Insects
BIOL 356: Plant-Animal Interactions
BIOL 357: Ornithology*
BIOL 358: Invertebrate Zoology*
BIOL 359: Entomology*
BIOL 370: Primate Behavior and Ecology
BIOL 415: Conservation Biology

CENG 320: Water Resources Engineering*
CENG 340: Introduction to Environmental Engineering*
CENG 421: Hydrology*

CHEG 455: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics*

CHEM 360: Advanced Environmental Chemistry*

ENST 211: Environmental Pollution and Control
ENST 221: Hazardous Waste and Society
ENST 234: Human Ecology
ENST 298: Stream Restoration
ENST 299: Watershed Systems Science
ENST 349/350: Senior Thesis

GEOG 204: Applied GIS
GEOG 231: Weather and Climate
GEOG 234: Human Ecology
GEOG 257: Global Environmental Change
GEOG 332: Evolution, Ecology and Human Impact

GEOL 205: Introductory Geochemistry
GEOL 207: Environmental Geohazards
GEOL 210: Geomorphology
GEOL 213: Paleontology*
GEOL 217: Mineralogy
GEOL 230: Environmental GIS
GEOL 298: Stream Restoration
GEOL 299: Watershed Systems Science
GEOL 301: Geophysics*
GEOL 310: Applied Environmental Geomorphology*
GEOL 324: Hydrogeology

*Additional coursework beyond the introductory course may be necessary as a prerequisite



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