Professors: Emek M. Uçarer
Associate Professors: David M. Mitchell (Chair), Richard D. Waller, Zhiqun Zhu
Assistant Professors: Jason Cons, Erin C. Lentz, David Rojas (visiting), Alejandra Roncallo, Ron J. Smith
International relations is a field of study concerned with the cultural, economic, environmental, historic, military, and political interactions among the major units of the world, such as states, international organizations, transnational corporations, nongovernmental organizations, groups and individuals. Courses from a number of departments and programs are drawn upon to offer a multidisciplinary major in international relations for the Bachelor of Arts degree.
The purposes of the major are to increase general knowledge about the history, institutions, interactions, and events of the international system; to develop insight into the objectives, decisions, and policies of state and nonstate actors; to provide a conceptual vocabulary and diverse theoretical perspectives to help explain and interpret international behavior; to build skills in critical analysis and evaluation of global issues; to develop an appreciation of commensurability and difference and acceptance of "others"; and to encourage evaluation and the solving of global problems. International relations majors will develop skills in writing, speaking, and information literacy throughout their studies, but particularly in IREL 250 and their senior seminar Culminating Experiences.
The international relations major provides a general education for students seeking greater knowledge about world affairs. It also provides a sound preparation for students interested in pursuing an M.A. or Ph.D. in international relations and related social sciences or a J.D. in law, and for careers in the Foreign Service, the federal government, international law, international business, banking and finance, international organizations, and nongovernmental organizations. International relations alumni have been accepted to the top graduate programs and law schools in the country, and are well represented in all of the listed international careers.
Requirements: The international relations major consists of at least 11 courses to count exclusively towards the major.
- Three core disciplinary courses: ECON 227 or ECON 327, POLS 170 and IREL 250.
a) ECON 227/327 (International Economics and International Economics Theory respectively) should be completed by the end of the junior year. Students who are double majoring in international relations and economics should take ECON 327 instead of ECON 227. In those instances, ECON 327 can count towards the economics major. Students counting ECON 327 toward their economics major will need to take an additional IREL course to compensate. The additional course should be taken from the student's Area Concentration or Thematic Track.
b) POLS 170 (International Politics) should be completed by the end of the sophomore year.
c) IREL 250 (Theories of International Relations) should be taken second semester of the sophomore year or the first semester of the junior year. Students planning on spending a full year abroad should make sure that they complete IREL 250 before they go abroad. Students will ordinarily take POLS 170 before enrolling in IREL 250, which is a W2 and will develop skills in writing, speaking, and information literacy.
- IREL 350 (Globalization) should ordinarily be taken during the fall of the junior year. If a student is spending the entire junior year abroad, it may be taken during the senior year. Students will ordinarily take ECON 227 before enrolling in IREL 350.
- Three courses in an area concentration, one of which must be a course satisfying the history requirement for the area. No more than two of these courses may be in the same department. The area concentrations offered are: 1) Africa, 2) Asia, 3) Europe, Eurasia, and Russia, 4) Latin America and Caribbean, and 5) Middle East. The acceptable history courses for each area concentration are indicated by a *on the area concentration course lists. A course that is counted towards the area concentration may not simultaneously count towards a thematic track.
- Three courses in one of the following thematic tracks: 1) Development and Sustainability, 2) Foreign Policy and Diplomacy, and 3) Global Governance and Conflict Resolution. Each track is anchored by a required core course. It is recommended that students take the core course first. A course that is counted towards a thematic track may not simultaneously count toward an area concentration.
- Culminating Experience. Students must enroll in a seminar either semester of the senior year. This seminar, taught by international relations faculty and enrolled in by international relations students, will serve as the College Core Curriculum's Culminating Experience requirement. These courses will be taught as W2s and will develop skills in writing, speaking, and information literacy. IR seminars that are Culminating Experiences are designated by IREL 4XX course number.
There are three additional requirements and rules for the international relations major as stipulated below:
- Of the 11 courses recorded for the major, no more than six courses may be taken from one department.
- No more than two off-campus courses will count toward the major per semester of study abroad. Students studying abroad for one semester may count two courses toward the major. Students studying abroad for a full year may count four courses towards the major.
- Competence must be demonstrated in a foreign language compatible withthe area concentration, normally by successfully completing a one-credit fifth-semester equivalent course on the culture or society of a country or region. The language(s) appropriate to each area concentration, and the Bucknell equivalent levels that are required to satisfy the major's language requirement, are noted in the area concentration course list. International students whose native language is not English are exempted, in consultation with the department chair, from the language requirement if they select an area concentration suitable for the native language.
One semester of study abroad is strongly recommended in a country within the area concentration and where the language being used for the language requirement is spoken or in a study abroad program compatible with the selected thematic track. Off-campus study in Washington, D.C., including the Washington Semester or Washington Center, also is recommended, but not as highly as overseas study. Students should contact the Office of International Education for information about off-campus study.
The department encourages students to pursue summer internships in positions related to international relations. Students have interned in embassies abroad, as well as in government agencies in Washington, D.C. Students with high grade point averages or a scholarly bent are encouraged to apply for honors in international relations or to conduct research with a faculty member. Students planning to pursue graduate study in international relations should consider taking a course in statistics, computer science, and microeconomics and macroeconomics.
The international relations minor consists of a minimum of five courses. Two courses are required for the minor:
- POLS 170 International Politics and
- ECON 227 International Economics or IREL 277 International Political Economy (crosslisted as POLS 277)
The remaining three courses will come either from the course lists for one of the five area concentrations (Africa, Asia, Europe, Russia and Eurasia, Latin America/Caribbean or Middle East) or from the course lists of one of the three thematic tracks (Development and Sustainability; Foreign Policy and Diplomacy; or Global Governance and Conflict Resolution). Students who choose to complete their international relations minor through an area concentration are encouraged to take one of the designated history courses. Students who choose to complete their international relations minor through a thematic track are encouraged to take the appropriate core course. Students minoring in international relations are strongly encouraged, but not required, to develop competence in a suitable language.
For additional information, students are encouraged to visit the Department of International Relations website at www.bucknell.edu/InternationalRelations where students can find, among other things, recommended sequences for students pursuing a major in international relations.
Area concentration course list:
- Africa: ECON 224 African Political Economy, ECON 235 African Economic Development, FREN 336 Francophone Africa, GEOG 236 Third World Development, HIST 290 European Imperialism and Colonialism*, HIST 291 African History I*, HIST 292 African History II*, HIST 299 Topics in Non-western History* - when relevant, HIST 390 African History*, IREL 235 Modern Africa, POLS 211 Third World Politics, SOCI 213 Race in Historical and Comparative Perspective, SOCI 310 The Sociology of Developing Societies. Language competency: French 150 or Arabic 201 and 202 taken at Bucknell or equivalent taken elsewhere.
- Asia: EAST/ECON 274 The Greater Chinese Economy, EAST/ECON 278 Asian Economic Development, EAST/ECON 340 Comparative Pacific Basin Economies, EAST 234/HIST 294 China Since 1800*, EAST 255/HIST 296 Modern Japanese History*, EAST 267/HIST 297 The People's Republic of China*, IREL 225 Chinese Politics, IREL 226 East Asian Politics, IREL 283 East Asian International Relations, RELI 200/ EAST 251 Buddhism, RELI 202 Hinduism, RELI 245/EAST 252 Religions of China, RELI 246/EAST 253 Religions of Japan. Language competency: Chinese 201 or Japanese 201 taken at Bucknell or equivalent taken elsewhere.
- Europe, Eurasia and Russia: ECON 277 The French Economy - open only to Bucknell en France students, ECON 305 Comparative Economic Systems, ECON 324 European Economic History*, FREN 270 La France actuelle, FREN 370 Topics in Civilization, GEOG 214 Europe in the Age of Globalization, GRMN 270 The Bourgeois Era: 19th-century Germany, GRMN 272 Modern German Culture - when relevant, GRMN 295 Topics in German Studies - when relevant, GRMN 393 Advanced Seminar in Selected Cultural Topics - when relevant, HIST 233 European State Systems*, HIST 236 Nineteenth-century Europe*, HIST 239 Contemporary Europe 1890-1995*, HIST 248 Topics in Russian History*, HIST 290 European Imperialism and Colonialism*, HIST 330 European History* - when relevant, IREL 218 International Relations of Europe, IREL 245 Race, Nation-state and International Relations*, ITAL 295 Topics in Italian Studies - when relevant, POLS 210 Political Theory*, POLS 222 Russian Politics*, POLS 223 European Politics, POLS 288 French Foreign Policy Since 1945 - open only to Bucknell en France students, RUSS 302 Twentieth-century Russian Culture and Civilization, SPAN 270 Spanish Civilization, SPAN 295 Topics in Spanish - when relevant. Language competency: French 150, German 204, Italian 205, Russian 201, or Spanish 207 taken at Bucknell or equivalent taken elsewhere.
- Latin America and Caribbean: ECON 266 Political Economy of the Caribbean, ECON 276 Latin American Economic Development, ECON 338 Seminar in International Economics - when relevant, ENGL 397 Seminar in Special Topics - when relevant, GEOG 236 Third World Development, GEOG 237 Bucknell in Nicaragua Grassroots Development, GEOG 309 Topics in Advanced Economic Geography, HIST 282 Modern Latin America*, HIST 311 The United States and Latin America: 1945 to the Present*, IREL 285 The International Relations of Latin America in the 21st Century, IREL 400 Latin American Economic Transition, LAMS 150 Latin America: Challenges for the 21st Century, LAMS 297 Latin American History*, LAMS 365 Seminar in Latin American Studies, POLS 211 Third World Politics, POLS 219 Latin American Politics, POLS 285 The International Relations of Latin America in the 21st Century, POLS 350 Seminar in Comparative Politics - when relevant, SOCI 213 Race in Historical and Comparative Perspective, SOCI 245 Remaking America: Latin American Immigration, SOCI 290 Sociology of Caribbean Society, SOCI 310 The Sociology of Developing Societies, SOCI 354 Sociology of Latin America, SPAN 264 Hispanic Topics - when relevant, SPAN 280 Latin American Cultural Tradition. Language competency: Spanish 207 taken at Bucknell or equivalent taken elsewhere.
- Middle East: HIST 290 European Imperialism and Colonialism*, POLS 224 Government and Politics of the Middle East*, POLS 287 United States and the Middle East*, POLS 289 Arab-Israeli Conflict, POLS 381 Arab-Israeli Conflict, Peace Process, RELI 201 Islam, RELI 209 Israel: Land, People, Tradition*, RELI 210 Judaism. Language competency: Arabic 201 and 202 taken at Bucknell or equivalent taken elsewhere.
International Relations Thematic Track Lists
- Development and Sustainability: Core Course: IREL 252 The Political Economy of Global Resources
ANTH 251 Women and Development, ECON 235 African Economic Development, ECON 276 Latin American Economic Development, ECON 278 Asian Economic Development, ECON 339 China and the World Economy, ECON 340 Comparative Pacific Basin Economies, ECON 357 Economic Development, ENST 215 Environmental Planning, ENST 226 Water Politics and Polities, ENST 245 Environmental Politics and Policy, ENST 255 Environmental Justice, ENST 325 Nature, Wealth, and Power, ENST 393 International Environmental Aid, GEOG 209 Economic Geography, GEOG 236 Third World Development, GEOG 237 Bucknell in Nicaragua Grassroots Development, GEOG 257 Global Environmental Change, GEOG 312 Geographies of Health, GEOG 345 Food and the Environment, IREL 235 Modern Africa, IREL 240 Human Security, IREL 270 Global Governance of Climate Change, POLS 393 International Environmental Aid.
- Foreign Policy and Diplomacy: Core Course: IREL 276 Comparative Foreign Policy
EAST 248 International Relations of East Asia, ECON 318 American Economic History, ECON 339 China and the World Economy, GEOG 211 Political Geography, HIST 214 US in the World, Post-1945, HIST 233 European State System, HIST 287 Perspectives: The Vietnam War, HIST 290 European Imperialism and Colonialism, HIST 311 U.S. History Since 1865: Foreign Relations, IREL 216 Borders, Traffic, Statelessness, IREL 218 International Relations of Europe, IREL 231 Conflict Resolution, IREL 240 Human Security, IREL 260 Humanitarianism, IREL 275 Global Governance, IREL 280 Terrorism, IREL 390 American Global Strategy, POLS 271 American Foreign Policy, POLS 272 U.S. National Security Policy, POLS 273 The Atlantic Alliance, POLS 280 War, POLS 287 United States and the Middle East, POLS 288 French Foreign Policy, POLS 289 Arab-Israeli Conflict, POLS 380 Political Science Seminar - when relevant, POLS 381 Arab-Israeli Conflict, Peace Process.
- Global Governance and Conflict Resolution: Core Course: IREL 275 Global Governance
IREL 200 United Nations in the 21st Century, IREL 216 Borders, Traffic, Statelessness, IREL 218 International Relations of Europe, IREL 229 Middle East Conflict and Revolution, IREL 231 Conflict Resolution, IREL 240 Human Security, IREL 255 International Law, IREL 260 Humanitarianism, IREL 270 Global Governance of Climate Change, IREL 277 International Political Economy, IREL 280 Terrorism, IREL/POLS 286 Nonstate Actors in International Relations, IREL 308 Gender in International Relations, IREL 390 American Global Strategy, POLS 273 The Atlantic Alliance, POLS 280 War, POLS 281 Peace Studies, POLS 289 Arab-Israeli Conflict, POLS 381 Arab-Israeli Conflict, Peace Process, PSYC 330 Sectarian Conflict in Northern Ireland, SOCI 235 Nongovernmental Organizations, SOCI 409 How Holocausts Happen.
*These courses satisfy the history requirement.
Culminating Experience: courses that have IREL 4XX designation (see below).
International Relations: Topics/Issues (I or II; R; 3, 0)
Selected topics in international relations. Prerequisite: POLS 170.
Cultural Dimensions of International Relations (II; 3, 0)
The impact of culture on cross-cultural communication, diplomatic negotiation, conflict eruption and resolution, technology transfer, global trade, and investment.
Borders, Traffic, Statelessness (AII; 3, 0)
Explores the politics of historical and contemporary national borders, debates over trafficking goods and humans across them, and their links to citizenship and statelessness. Crosslisted as GEOG 216.
International Relations of Europe (I; 3, 0)
This course will examine the foreign policies of European countries, individually and collectively through the European Union, toward each other, regional and global intergovernmental organizations, and other regions/countries. Crosslisted as POLS 284.
Chinese Politics (I or II; 3, 0)
This course examines China's rich political history, its dynamic economic and social changes, its lasting political culture, its enduring struggle for modernization, and its evolving relations with the rest of the world. Crosslisted as EAST 269 and POLS 225.
East Asian Politics (II; 3, 0)
This course surveys history, politics, economy, and society of countries in East Asia. It investigates the continuity and changes in politics and policies in China, Japan, Korea and selected countries in Southeast Asia. Crosslisted as EAST 226 and POLS 226.
Middle East Conflict and Revolution (I; 3, 0)
This course explores some of the most significant controversies, conflicts, revolutions, and resolutions, both historical and contemporary, that define the Middle East as a region.
Conflict Resolution (I or II; 3, 0)
This course will examine conflict resolution, conflict prevention and post-conflict peace building techniques and policies. It will focus on contemporary case studies and seek to apply insights and strategies from the readings and class discussions to various conflicts.
Modern Africa (I; 3, 0)
Introduction to complexity, richness, and vitality of contemporary African cultures. Interdisciplinary perspectives on issues including economy, politics, family and community, art, literature, religion. Crosslisted as ANTH 235.
Human Security (II; 3, 0)
Explores emerging debates around human vulnerability and: conflict, climate change, displacement, development, and other forms of "security."
Race, Nation-state and International Relations (II; 3, 0)
The course examines the processes by which states as expressions of social relations that are embedded in political institutions have been used by social forces, nationally, and transnationally, to racialize nations, societies, and global politics. Crosslisted as HIST 260 and POLS 274.
Theories of International Relations (I and II; 3, 0)
Analysis and evaluation of main theories of international relations, including realist, neo-realist, liberal, neo-liberal, Gramscian, Marxist, feminist and postmodernist approaches. Theories are related to the major dimensions of international relations. Prerequisites: POLS 170, preference given to second semester sophomores and junior IREL majors.
International Inequality and Poverty (AII; 3, 0)
This course examines the levels, patterns, sources, and trends in international inequality and poverty as well as some of their economic, social, and political consequences.
Political Economy of Global Resources (I or II; 3, 0)
A study of environmental and energy economics in the context of global resources and politics. The theme of sustainable development will be linked to the new realities of international relations. Prerequisite: ECON 103. Crosslisted as UNIV 252.
International Development Controversies (AII; 3, 0)
This course examines in-depth contemporary controversies in international development, for example obnoxious markets, farmland acquisitions by foreigners, and role of foreign aid.
International Law (II; 3, 0)
The nature, historical development, and sources of international law; substantive and procedural international law and its role in international relations. Crosslisted as POLS 278.
Humanitarianism (AII; 3, 0)
Explores the history of and contemporary politics around humanitarian intervention, including contemporary discussions of sovereignty, planning, empowerment, and humanitarian expertise.
Global Governance of Climate Change (I; 3, 0)
This course examines the global governance institutions for climate change and the current policies, debates and positions at the climate change summits and counter-summits.
Global Governance (I or II; 3, 0)
This course explores the rationales, processes, and institutions of multilateral governance in a globalized world. We examine the U.N., nongovernmental organizations, conflict resolution, economic development, environment, human rights, and international law. Not open to first-year students. Crosslisted as POLS 275.
Comparative Foreign Policy (I; 3, 0)
This course is designed to introduce students to the theories that have been developed to explain foreign policy processes and foreign policy behavior. The course will also examine and discuss the foreign policies of specific international actors. Crosslisted as POLS 276.
International Political Economy (I or II; 3, 0)
This course examines the politics of international economic relations including trade, finance, and development. Crosslisted as POLS 277.
Latin American Economic Development (I or II; 3, 0)
A historical analysis of Latin America's economic and political development. Primary emphasis on the experiences of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, and Central America. May be crosslisted as ECON 276 and/or LAMS 365. Prerequisite: ECON 103.
Terrorism (AI or AII; 3, 0)
This course explores the concept of terrorism, its historical roots and contemporary forms, its multiple meanings, and the ways it shapes global and national governance.
European Security (AI or AII; 3, 0)
European security issues, including NATO enlargement, the military campaigns in the Balkans, the Iraq War, terrorism and ballistic missile defense. For Bucknell in London. Crosslisted as POLS 282.
East Asian International Relations (I or II; 3, 0)
This course offers an overview of international relations in East Asia, with focus on foreign policies of major states in the region as well as their political, economic, and social interactions. Crosslisted as EAST 248 and POLS 283.
The International Relations of Latin America in the 21st Century (II; 3, 0)
This course will examine the emergence of the New Left, the production of regional spaces, the impact of the BRICS and South-South cooperation in Latin America. Crosslisted as POLS 285.
Nonstate Actors in International Relations (I; 3, 0)
This course explores the role nonstate actors (such as nongovernmental organizations, multinational corporations, violent nonstate actors, and individuals) can and do play in various substantive areas of international relations. Crosslisted as POLS 286.
Service-Learning in Nicaragua (II; 3, 0)
This course focuses on the connections between Nicaraguan development processes and Brigade-based service-learning. Crosslisted as GEOG 292 and LAMS 292.
Global Manager as Diplomat (I or II; 3, 0)
This course will examine the changing role of the manager in the global business environment. Crosslisted as GLBM 390.
Gender in International Relations (II; 3, 0)
This course will serve as a critical introduction to the concept of gender in international relations. The class will examine how gendered conceptual categories, such as the state, security, war, peace, power and development inform and structure international politics and impact the opportunities and lives of women, men and children.
Globalization (I and II; 3, 0)
This course is designed to provide IREL majors with an opportunity to study global change. The course addresses contemporary issues in globalization. Specific topics may vary. Normally taken in fall of junior or senior year for those studying abroad. Prerequisites: IREL majors; students should preferably have both ECON 227 and IREL 250.
361. Independent Study (I, II; R; TBA) Half or full course.
Open to international relations majors who wish to pursue individual programs of reading, research, and writing under the supervision of a professor, usually for completion of the honors thesis. Prerequisite: permission of the supervising IREL professor.
Arab-Israeli Conflict, Peace Process (I; 3, 0)
This course is devoted to examining the failures and successes of the peace process between Israel and the Arab States. Exploring the roots of the conflict dating back to the late 1800s and conclude with the Oslo peace process and the involvement of outside actors. Prerequisite: POLS 170 or permission of the instructor. Crosslisted as POLS 381.
American Global Strategy (II; 3, 0)
After defining the concept of strategy, students explore the historical development of strategy. In conclusion students define, analyze and critique the current American strategy. Prerequisite: junior or senior status with preference given to international relations majors.
Seminar: Topics in International Relations (I and II; R; 3, 0)
Selected topics of international relations at an advanced level for senior seminar credit. Prerequisites: second semester junior or senior status and permission of the instructor.
BRICS on the Global Stage (II; 3, 0)
This seminar will focus on the emergence of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa as new players in the global stage, the debates whether they represent the formation of a New World Order and the impact that the BRICS are having in different sub-regional formations.
Human Rights (I; 3, 0)
The seminar will study human rights, primarily from an international perspective, including self-determination, cultural rights, ethnic and racial rights, women's rights, religious rights, and gay and lesbian rights. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Preference given to international relations majors. Not open to students who have taken IREL 310. Crosslisted as POLS 389.
Social Movements and Society (II; 3, 0)
This seminar examines social movements in International Relations in multiple contexts across the globe, through a variety of scales.
Sovereignty: Theory and Practice (AI; 3, 0)
This senior seminar explores contemporary and historical theories of sovereignty and new global transformation of sovereign power.
International Relations of Migration (II; 3, 0)
This course will examine the causes and the international consequences of human displacement. It will consider the economic, political, social, and cultural components of international migration. Crosslisted as POLS 425.
U.S.-China Relations (II; 3, 0)
Through tracing the evolution of U.S.-China relations from the 19th century to the 21st century, this course discusses major issues and challenges between the two countries today. Future trends of the bilateral relationship will also be explored. Prerequisite: POLS 170. Preference given to EAST, IREL, and POLS seniors. May be crosslisted as EAST 382 and/or POLS 382. Not open to students who have taken EAST 380 or IREL 380 or IREL 382.