Professor: Manuel Delgado
Associate Professors: Isabel Cuñado, Elisabeth S. Guerrero, Collin McKinney, Ana Mercedes-Patiño, Alice J. Poust (Chair)
Assistant Professors: Fernando Blanco-Inostroza, Lorena Cuya Gavilano (visiting), Jason A. McCloskey, Zonia Balasch Rodriguez (visiting)
The Department of Spanish at Bucknell University is committed to providing excellent instruction and learning opportunities that challenge majors and minors, and other interested students to develop their language proficiency in Spanish to the maximum, as well as to know and understand the literature and culture of the Spanish-speaking peoples of the world. We encourage our students to think critically, to question their cultural assumptions about the Hispanic world, and to seek to immerse themselves, as much as possible, in a Spanish-speaking community.
The academic program in Spanish offers coursework in the areas of language, literature, culture, and linguistics of the Hispanic world, including Spain, Latin America, and the United States. The curriculum takes into account a wide variety of student needs and interests, including those of heritage students, students who plan to pursue graduate study and a career in Spanish/Hispanic studies, and those who hope to apply their language skills and cultural understanding to their chosen profession. The curriculum in Spanish encompasses three levels: first, courses focusing primarily on language acquisition, with a secondary focus on cultural competency (101 through 208). At the next level, courses introduce students with early advanced language proficiency to the breadth and diversity of the literature, culture and linguistics of the Spanish-speaking world (220, 222, 270, 280, 285, 295). At the highest level, our courses provide an in-depth study of an author, period, genre, or issue in Hispanic literature, culture or linguistics (300-level courses).
Students are strongly encouraged to continue their study of Spanish as early in their undergraduate career as possible. Doing so will ensure that they may complete the major or minor, will make them eligible for the best study abroad programs in the Hispanic world, and will help them to reach a high level of language proficiency. By achieving an advanced degree of language proficiency and cultural awareness, students may improve their chances for a Fulbright or other international fellowships after graduation.
Online Placement Test: Students who have studied Spanish in secondary school or who are heritage speakers of the language must take the online placement test to determine the level at which they may register for a Spanish course. Information on accessing the test is included in the first-year student registration materials. Current students may access the placement test from the Spanish department webpage. Any questions regarding placement should be directed to the Spanish department chairperson.
The major in Spanish is designed to cultivate our students' understanding and appreciation of the rich literary and cultural traditions of Spanish-speaking peoples; to provide a sound foundation for graduate study related to the Hispanic worlds; and to develop our students' ability to analyze critically literary and cultural works in Spanish. Coursework in the Spanish major will help students meet the goals of the College of Arts and Sciences, and of the University as a whole, with regard to writing, information literacy and public presentation.
Through their coursework in the major, students are introduced to the discipline of Hispanic letters and also explore connections between Spanish and other disciplines in the humanities or in the social sciences. The on-campus curriculum, combined with a semester or year of study abroad on Bucknell en España in Spain or on a program approved by the department for Latin America, will enable students to reach an advanced level of proficiency in listening comprehension, speaking, reading, and writing in Spanish. The language proficiency attained by our students, along with the cultural understanding they gain through their studies at Bucknell and abroad, will allow them to interact effectively with Spanish-speaking peoples throughout the world. By relating to Hispanic cultures, our students increase their own self-awareness and their sense of connectedness to a diverse world.
Students may set out to accomplish the goals outlined for the major by taking language courses beyond Intermediate Spanish (SPAN 105): SPAN 207 Toward Advanced Spanish, and/or SPAN 208 Advanced Conversation and Composition in Spanish, according to their language placement. SPAN 208 is a prerequisite for courses numbered 220 through 295.
After reaching an early-advanced level of language proficiency, students gain an understanding of Hispanic literary and cultural traditions through their work in courses providing an overview of literature and culture: SPAN 220 Introduction to Spanish Literature or SPAN 222 Introduction to Latin American Literature and SPAN 270 Spanish Cultural Tradition or SPAN 280 Latin American Cultural Tradition. One of these four courses must be taken on the Bucknell campus, preferably before studying abroad.
A third 200-level requirement in literature or culture may be met by taking an additional course from the list above, or by studying Latino-Latina Literature (SPAN 285), Topics in Spanish Literature and Culture (SPAN 295), Vida y Cultura en España (SPAN 245), or a course taken on an approved study abroad program, with the permission of the Spanish department.
The fourth 200-level requirement may be met by taking an additional course in literature/culture or in Hispanic linguistics, either on campus or on an approved study abroad program. Students may request permission to count an Integrated Perspectives course toward this major requirement, provided that the course is co-taught by a Spanish department faculty member and that the subject relates to Hispanic cultures. While a student may apply a 300-level Spanish course toward this requirement, with the approval of her/his academic adviser in Spanish, the student must still take two additional 300-level courses to complete the major.
Students must take at least two courses numbered 220 through 295 before enrolling in a 300-level course.
In order to achieve a high level of language proficiency and cultural understanding, it is strongly recommended that students majoring in Spanish spend at least one semester of their junior year on Bucknell en España in Spain, or one of the approved programs in Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic or Ecuador.
After gaining an understanding of Hispanic literary and cultural traditions in coursework at the 200-level, students complete the major with at least two 300-level courses or seminars, offering an in-depth study of particular aspects of Hispanic literature, culture or linguistics. These courses, numbered in the 300s, are often related to the professor's area of expertise and normally require that students participate actively in class discussion, make formal presentations in class, and that they write a research paper in Spanish. One of these seminars must be designated as Culminating Experience for the Spanish major. As part of the learning activities in this seminar, students will carry out a research project related to Hispanic literature, culture, or linguistics under the supervision of the course instructor, and will present the critical essay in its final written form at the end of the semester, as evidence of their fulfillment of the Spanish department’s learning objectives for writing and information literacy. In addition, senior Spanish majors will present a scholarly paper based on their research at a symposium organized by the Spanish department on campus, as evidence of their fulfillment of the department’s objectives regarding public presentation.
A major in Spanish requires at least eight credits above SPAN 105 Intermediate Spanish. At least four credits required for the major must be taken at Bucknell, including one course numbered 220, 222, 270, or 280, and two 300-level courses, one of which must be designated a Culminating Experience. At least one of the four required 200-level course must focus on Latin America, and at least one on Spain. Students must take two 200-level courses after SPAN 208 before enrolling in a 300-level course. Only one course from Spanish department offerings taught in English may be counted toward the major. The distribution of courses counting toward the major is as follows:
Two courses in Spanish language:¹
SPAN 207: Toward Advanced Spanish
SPAN 208: Advanced Conversation and Composition in Spanish
Two core courses, one focusing on literature and one on culture at the 200-level. At least one of these courses must be taken on the Bucknell campus: (In choosing courses, students should keep in mind the need to take at least one course at the 200-level on Spain and one on Latin America.)
SPAN 220: Introduction to Spanish Literature or SPAN 222: Introduction to Latin American Literature
SPAN 270: Spanish Cultural Tradition or SPAN 280: Latin American Cultural Tradition.
A third 200-level course in literature or culture/civilization. (In choosing courses, students should keep in mind the need to take at least one course at the 200-level on Spain and one on Latin America.) Students may select courses from the following list:
SPAN 245: Vida y Cultura en España (Spain)
SPAN 285: Latino/Latina Literature and Culture in the U.S. (may count as Latin American focus)
SPAN 295: Topics in Spanish (topic and region vary)
¹Students whose language proficiency places them higher than one or both of these courses may substitute another course in advanced language, literature, or culture to reach the total number of eight required courses.
SPAN 220: Introduction to Spanish Literature
SPAN 222: Introduction to Latin American Literature
SPAN 270: Spanish Cultural Tradition
SPAN 280: Latin American Cultural Tradition
SPAN 2TR: A course in Hispanic Literature/Culture taken abroad, with previous approval of the Spanish Department
One 200-level elective on any of the following topics: Advanced Spanish Language (beyond SPAN 208), Hispanic Linguistics, Spanish/Latin American/Latino Literatures and Cultures, an Integrated Perspectives course related to Hispanic culture and co-taught by a Spanish department faculty member, or Spanish-English translation, taken at Bucknell or on study abroad, with Spanish department approval. ²(In choosing courses, students should be mindful of the need to take at least one course at the 200-level on Spain and one on Latin America.)
Two courses on topics in literature, culture or Hispanic linguistics at the 300-level, taken at Bucknell. One of these courses must be designated as a Culminating Experience for the Spanish major. At least one 300-level course must focus on Hispanic literature or culture.
A student seeking certification to teach Spanish in elementary or secondary school must complete the major in Spanish, as well as the requirements formulated by Bucknell's education department, in accordance with the guidelines of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Students who wish to be certified to teach Spanish should consult with the Spanish department chair early in their University career. Students who are considering a Spanish major should plan to take at least one course in Spanish each semester at Bucknell, if possible. This will ensure that their gains in language proficiency, in particular, will be sustained during their four-year program.
²While students may apply a 300-level course toward this requirement, with the approval of their academic adviser in Spanish, they must still take two additional courses at the 300-level.
Residence abroad in a Spanish-speaking country is the best way to gain the language proficiency and the knowledge of Hispanic literature and cultures expected for the major. Students are strongly urged to study abroad on a program approved by the Spanish department for its majors and minors. Only courses taken on these programs may be counted toward the major and minor. At least one of the courses taken abroad for credit toward the Spanish major must deal with literature. Students who have taken two courses in Hispanic literature at Bucknell may present to the Spanish department chairperson a petition to have this requirement waived. Approved study abroad programs may change from year to year.
Study in Spain: The University's Bucknell en España provides a study abroad experience designed to meet the educational needs of Spanish majors, minors, and other Bucknell students who have taken SPAN 207, or can demonstrate the equivalent level, and who wish to study in Spain. The program is centered at the Universidad de Granada in Granada, Spain. Students who wish to study in Spain but who are not sufficiently advanced for Bucknell en España may go on the CIEE program at the Universidad de Alicante.
Study in Latin America: For majors and minors, the Spanish department has approved study abroad programs in Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, and Ecuador. Students should consult with their advisers in Spanish, the Spanish department chair, or the Office of International Education regarding these programs.
Honors: Majors who are interested in writing an Honors Thesis and who meet the requirements established by the Honors Council should speak with a faculty member in Spanish during the junior year to discuss this possibility.
The minor in Spanish consists of five courses beyond SPAN 103 Toward Intermediate Spanish. At least two of the courses for the minor must deal with literature or civilization and at least three of the courses counted for the minor must be taken at Bucknell. Students who go on the Bucknell en España program and plan to minor in Spanish need to take two courses on campus.
All courses are taught in Spanish, unless otherwise indicated. SPAN 208 is a prerequisite for courses numbered 220 through 295. Two 200-level courses beyond SPAN 208 are prerequisites for courses at the 300-level.
Elementary Spanish I (I; 5, 0)
Beginning language skills, with practice of points of grammar through listening, speaking, reading, and writing in the context of Hispanic cultures. SPAN 101 is prerequisite to SPAN 102.
Elementary Spanish II (II; 5, 0)
Continues development of basic language skills, with practice of points of grammar, in the context of Hispanic cultures. Prerequisite: SPAN 101 or two years of Spanish in high school.
Toward Intermediate Spanish (I; 4, 0)
Through grammar review and the development of new linguistic skills, in the context of Hispanic cultures, students reach intermediate competency in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 102 or three years of secondary school Spanish.
Intermediate Spanish (I and II; 4, 0)
Review of grammar and development of new linguistic skills and cultural competency to reach high-intermediate level in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 103 or four years of secondary school Spanish in secondary school Spanish.
Toward Advanced Spanish (I and II; 4, 0)
Students demonstrating high-intermediate skills progress toward advanced language proficiency. Reading, discussion and writing about brief literary or cultural texts advances cultural competency. Prerequisite: SPAN 105 or five years of secondary school Spanish.
Advanced Conversation and Composition (I and II; 4, 0)
Advanced study and practice to enhance oral and written proficiency. A variety of texts and media, including literature, film and internet sources provide a point of departure for class discussion and written assignments. Prerequisite: SPAN 207 or six years of Spanish.
Introduction to Spanish Literature (I and II; 3, 0)
Introduction to Spanish literature across major artistic and cultural periods: Middle Ages, Renaissance, Golden Age, Romanticism, Realism, and 20th-century literature in its cultural context.
Introduction to Latin American Literature (I and II; 3, 0)
Introduction to the authors, topics and genres that constitute the literary tradition of Latin America. Literary works are studied in their historical and cultural context.
Hispanic Linguistics (I or II; 3, 0)
Introduction to phonetics and phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and dialects of the Spanish language. Prerequisite: SPAN 208.
Vida y Cultura en España (I and II; 3, 0)
Guides students in their experience of life and culture in Spain and fosters their reflection on the cross-cultural learning experience. Prerequisite: SPAN 105 or equivalent. Only given in the Bucknell en España program.
Spanish Cultural Tradition (I or II; 3, 0)
An introduction to the cultural tradition of Spain through the study of art, history, literature, and film.
Latin American Cultural Traditions (I or II; 3, 0)
An introduction to the cultural traditions of Latin America through the study of art, history, literature, and film.
Latino Literature in the U. S. (I or II; 3, 0)
This course focuses on issues of cultural identity within the literary and some film production of Hispanic peoples living in the U.S.
Independent Study (I or II; R)
Subject to be selected by student in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
Topics in Spanish (I or II; R; 3, 0)
Deals with a different aspect of the literature or culture of Spanish-speaking peoples each time it is given.
Structure of Modern Spanish (I or II; 3, 0)
Introduction to morphology, syntax, semantics and discourse analysis with particular attention to the problems faced by the non-native learner of Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 208.
Modern Spanish Literature (I or II; R; 3, 0)
Spanish literature of the 19th and 20th centuries. Course will be devoted to a different major author, movement, or genre each time it is given. Prerequisites: two courses at 200-level beyond SPAN 208.
Latin American Short Story (I or II; 3, 0)
Art and theory of the short story in Latin America. Topics include Colombian Short Stories, Stories by Women Writers, Children's Stories. Prerequisites: two courses at 200-level beyond SPAN 208.
The Spanish Civil War (I or II; 3, 0)
This course examines the memory of the Spanish Civil War in the narrative and film from the 1940s to the present. Prerequisites: two courses at the 200-level beyond SPAN 208.
Spanish Literature and Society of the 19th Century (I or II; R; 3, 0)
Devoted to major authors of the 19th century - Galdós, Clarín, Pardo Bazán. Topics include science and literature, gender and sexuality, and class relations. Prerequisites: two courses at 200-level beyond SPAN 208.
Epics of the Spanish Empire (I or II; 3, 0)
This course examines how epic poets portrayed conquistadors and explorers of the Spanish Empire and the rebels and pirates who threatened to undermine it. Prerequisites: two courses at 200-level beyond SPAN 208.
Garcia Lorca, Salvador Dali, and Luis Buñuel (I or II; 3, 0)
Study of works by Lorca, Dali, and Buñuel in contest of cultural and intellectual issues from the interesting realms of literature, film and painting.
Topics in Hispanic Linguistics (I or II; 3, 0)
Advanced study of topics or issues in Hispanic linguistics. Prerequisites: two 200-level courses beyond SPAN 208.
Utopia/Dystopia in Urban Latin America (I or II; 3, 0)
This interdisciplinary course explores cities of Latin America through the lens of utopia and dystopia. Sources of inquiry include film, architecture, art, fiction, poetry, and readings in history, politics, economics, and environmental studies.
Gender in 20th-century Latin American Literature (I or II; 3, 0)
Examines the construction of gender in selected works by Latin American and Latino writers of the 20th and early 21st centuries. Prerequisites: two courses at 200-level beyond SPAN 208.
Don Quijote (I or II; 3, 0)
In this course students read, analyze and discuss Miguel de Cervantes' Don Quijote in light of its social, historical and cultural contexts. Prerequisites: two 200-level courses beyond SPAN 208.
Colombia's Caribbean Literature (I or II; 3, 0)
Studies literary expressions from Anglo-Hispanic islands of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina including traditional oral tales, religious poetry, historical novels, short stories, travel narratives, and communal plays. Prerequisites: two-200 level courses beyond SPAN 208.
362. Topics in Hispanic Literature (I or II; R; 3, 0)
These courses will deal with topics in Spanish or Latin American literature on an advanced level.
Mexican Revolution: Literature and Art (I or II; 3, 0)
Charts the creation of a national identity, exploring literature and visual arts that depict the massive social changes brought about by the Mexican Revolution. Prerequisites: two courses at 200-level beyond SPAN 208.
Latin American Fiestas and Identity (I or II; 3, 0)
A comparative study of the fiesta phenomenon in Mexico, the Andes, and the Caribbean, through the analysis of colonial and contemporary texts, paintings, and films. Prerequisite: SPAN 208 or permission of the instructor.
Independent Study (I or II; R)
Subject to be selected by student in consultation with the instructor. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
Honors Course in Spanish (I or II; R)
For selected seniors, who will be supervised in individual work. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
Courses offered occasionally
240 Vida y Cultura en Granada, 264 Hispanic Topics, 275 Structural Analysis of Spanish, 327 Translation and Advanced Grammar, 360 Literature and Film of the Hispanic World, 365 Topics in Latin American Civilization