Art and Art History
Professors: Christiane D. Andersson, Rosalyn A. Richards
Associate Professors: Tulu Bayar, Janice E. Mann (Chair), Roger I. Rothman
Assistant Professors: Anna Kell, Joseph Meiser, Michelle Oosterbaan (visiting)
The Department of Art and Art History fosters the creative and critical thinking skills necessary to thrive in our increasingly visual world.
Majors: The department offers majors in studio art and art history. It also offers minors in studio art and art history. Students contemplating either of these majors are encouraged to discuss their interests and programs with the department chair or an appropriate department faculty member prior to declaring a major in the spring of the sophomore year. The skills of writing, speaking, researching, and learning to analyze various sources (i.e. information literacy) are integral to the disciplines of studio art and art history and play an important role in the department's curriculum.
Resources: We have well equipped studios in areas of painting, photography, printmaking, sculpture, as well as drawing and graphic design. In addition, we have a computer lab for digital media. The department maintains a digital image database of more than 25,000 images. The Samek Art Gallery, located in the Elaine Langone Center, organizes exhibitions and installation projects that put contemporary art and historical art in dialogue with other disciplines. Its permanent collection — which includes especially strong holdings in the graphic arts and photography as well as the Samuel H. Kress Collection of European paintings and sculpture — is used for study and research by classes in studio art and art history. Together, the Department of Art and Art History and the Samek Art Gallery sponsor workshops, lectures, and on-site installations by visiting artists, critics, and historians. Faculty and students take advantage of Bucknell's proximity to major museums and galleries through organized trips and individual travel to sites including New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C.
The Studio Art Major
The studio art major consists of a minimum of nine courses, seven of which must be in studio art and two of which must be in art history. No more than two of the nine required courses may be taken for credit elsewhere.
Distribution of required courses for the Studio Art major:
- No more than one studio art course at the 100-level
- One 200-level course in each of the four areas of photography, painting, printmaking, and sculpture
- Two courses in art history, one of which must cover contemporary art (for example: ARTH 102; ARTH 208, ARTH 323)
- Elective course in studio art
- Studio Art Culminating Experience: in the fall semester, majors will take ARST 450 Senior Projects in Studio Art; in the spring semester, majors will take ARST 451 and exhibit their work in the Samek Art Gallery. During this exhibition a final review will take place between each senior projects student and members of the studio art faculty.
The minimum requirement for a minor in studio art is five courses, three of which should be in one specific medium: printmaking, sculpture, photography, or painting. At least three courses must be above the 100-level level. No more than one course may be taken elsewhere for credit.
The Art History Major
The art history major consists of a minimum of nine courses: eight of which must be in art history and one of which must be in studio art. No more than two of the nine required courses may be taken for credit elsewhere.
Distribution of required courses for the Art History major:
- ARTH 101; ARTH 102
- One course in studio art
- Courses in three of the following four areas: Ancient and Medieval; Renaissance and Baroque; Modern and Contemporary; non-European art or art of minorities or women. These courses must be at the 200-level or above
- At least one art history elective
- One course at the 300-level or above
- Art History Culminating Experience: All Art History majors are required to take ARTH 402 Culminating Experience. In this class they will explore individual research projects on any art historical topic using their experience in the major. The class will culminate in an original research paper and a 20-minute paper delivered at a departmental symposium. This class will normally be taken in the fall semester of the senior year. Second-semester juniors may complete a Culminating Experience in the major with permission of the adviser and the department.
Required courses for the Art History minor:
- ARTH 101; ARTH 102
- Three courses at the 200-level or above. These courses must cover at least two of the following areas: Ancient and Medieval (ARTH 204; 221; 300); Renaissance and Baroque (ARTH 225; 264; 271; 273); Modern and Contemporary (ARTH 207, 208, 323); non-European art or art of the minorities or women (ARTH 224; 275).
Sequencing of Courses: Although few art history courses have prerequisites, students are encouraged to begin their study of art history with at least one introductory course before engaging in course work on the 200-level or above. ARTH 101 and ARTH 102 (World Art I and II) familiarize students with the monuments and methods of the discipline. In addition, it is advisable to take a broad survey of an art historical period before engaging in more specialized study of that period. For example, it is recommended that students take ARTH 101 World Art I: Caves to Cathedrals before taking ARTH 204 Castle, Cathedral, Cloister and ARTH 204 before ARTH 300 Special Topics in Medieval Art.
Interdisciplinary study: The department recommends that students select courses in other disciplines that will complement their art history major. Permission from the chair may be obtained to count one appropriate course taken in another Bucknell department (for example, in ancient archaeology, cultural anthropology, or film studies) toward the major. Students considering this option should discuss it with their art history adviser and department chair.
Language study: Because a knowledge of languages is essential to the cross-cultural nature of art history, majors contemplating graduate study are strongly encouraged to become competent in at least one language beyond English (competency is normally defined as the completion of a 200-level language course). Students should consult with their art history adviser about which language (or languages) is (or are) most appropriate to their particular field of study.
Study Abroad and Internships: Art history majors are encouraged to pursue opportunities for study abroad and for internships in galleries, museums, and other settings. Students planning to undertake off-campus or non-traditional study are expected to consult closely with their art history adviser and department chair.
Honors in Studio Art or Art History
A program leading to a major with honors in studio art or art history may be proposed by the student in consultation with the department chair and appropriate department faculty. The student generally undertakes a specifically designed sequence of courses and independent research culminating in a significant studio project or written thesis.
Graduate Study and Careers in Studio Art and Art History
Students considering graduate studies in studio art, art history, art administration, art conservation, museum studies, or related fields, should consult College Art Association (CAA) guides and other materials available online and in the art department office. Department faculty members will be glad to provide information on careers in art and art history and on M.A., M.F.A., and Ph.D. programs and fellowships.
Photography I (I and II; 0, 4)
An introduction to the theory, practice, and criticism of fine art photography. Not open to seniors.
Painting I (I and II; 0, 4)
Studio course to introduce basic techniques and materials of painting, color theory and its application, image and composition. Not open to seniors.
Printmaking I (I or II; 0, 4)
An introduction to visual concepts and processes in intaglio, relief, and screen printing. Not open to seniors.
Drawing I (I and II; 0, 8)
The tradition of drawing, its practice and theory in various media. Not open to seniors.
Sculpture I (I or II; 0, 4)
Students will be introduced to a variety of sculptural materials and methods of fabrication, become familiar with the work of contemporary sculptors, and learn to interpret visual works. Prerequisite: seniors by permission of the instructor.
230. Printmaking II (I and II; 0, 4)
Individual projects in intaglio and woodblock printing with an emphasis on concept and refinement of image. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
Drawing II (I and II; 0, 8)
A continuation of ARST 131 with emphasis on concept and refinement of image. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
Digital Photography (II; 0, 4)
Individual projects in digital photography with an emphasis on concept and refinement of image. Prerequisite: ARST 112, ARST 131 and permission of the instructor.
238. Painting II (I and II; R; 0, 4)
An expanded introduction to painting practices. Emphasis on process, materials, content, and individual creativity within the context of structured assignments. Prerequisites: ARST 120 and permission of the instructor.
Graphic Design I (I or II; 0, 3)
An introduction to the theory and practice of graphic design and the principles underlying the visual presentation of information, both verbal and pictorial. Prerequisite: one of the following: ARST 112, ARST 130, ARST 131, ARST 150, or ARST 234.
Photography II (I and II; 0, 4)
This course builds upon skills and knowledge gained in ARST 112, including more complex technical and critical methods and development of a personal direction. Prerequisites: ARST 112 and permission of the instructor.
251. Sculpture II (I and II; 0, 8)
Building on the fundamental skills acquired in Sculpture I, students will utilize more technically demanding processes, including: steel fabrication, woodworking, and moldmaking. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
336. Advanced Work in the Studio (I and II; R; 0, 8)
Advanced projects in each studio area: painting, printmaking, photography, sculpture or graphics. This course may be repeated for additional credit. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
Multi-media and Installation Art (I or II; 3, 0)
This course builds upon the principles of interdisciplinary practices and histories of performance, installation, and video art. The class will function as a survey of modern and contemporary interdisciplinary art as well as a studio for individual and collaborative projects and actions in installation, performance and video. Prerequisites: permission of the instructor and one of the following: ARST 112, ARST 229, ARST 237, or ARST 250.
Painting III (I or II; R; 0, 3)
A combination of painting projects with an emphasis on individual development of ideas and technique and the vast possibilities of contemporary painting practices. Prerequisites: ARST 237 or ARST 238 and permission of the instructor.
Printmaking III (I or II; R; 0, 3)
Advanced projects in printmaking to develop individual themes and concepts. Prerequisites: permission of the instructor and ARST 229 or ARST 230.
Photography III (I or II; R; 0, 3)
Advanced projects in photography to develop individual themes and concepts. Prerequisites: permission of the instructor and ARST 247.
Sculpture III (I or II; R; 0, 3)
Advanced projects in sculpture to develop individual themes and concepts. Prerequisites: permission of the instructor and ARST 250.
Digital Sculpture (I and II; 0, 4)
Students will create virtual three-dimensional forms on the computer with CAD software and render photorealistic images of projects. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
351. Honors Studio Art (I and II; R)
Independent study or creative work leading either to the writing of a thesis or the completion of a significant studio project. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
Senior Projects in Studio Art Part I (I; 0, 3)
Individual projects in any media culminating in a body of work to be exhibited in the Samek Art Gallery in the spring semester. Studio art majors take ARST 450 in the fall and ARST 451 in the spring. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
Senior Projects in Studio Art Part II (II; 0, 3)
Individual projects in any media culminating in a body of work to be exhibited in the Samek Art Gallery in the spring semester. Studio art majors take ARST 450 in the fall and ARST 451 in the spring. Only under special circumstances, such as early graduation or study abroad in the spring, seniors can take ARST 451 in the fall. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
World Art I: Caves to Cathedrals (I; 3, 0)
This course explores the art and architecture created throughout the world from the prehistoric period to roughly the 14th century. Visual analysis will be the main focus.
World Art II: Renaissance to Now (I or II; 3, 0)
This course explores art and architecture from 1400 to the present. Focus on visual analysis and the development of European and American art from the Renaissance to Postmodernism.
Castle, Cathedral and Cloister (I; 3, 0)
Architecture, sculpture, and painting from the Early Christian period to the beginning of the Renaissance. Monastic, religious, and secular arts will be explored.
Modern Art: 1850 - 1915 (I; 3, 0)
Examination of artists and movements from 1850 to 1915, including Realism, Impressionism, Post-impressionism, Symbolism, Expressionism, Fauvism, Cubism, and Abstraction. Focus on innovations in French painting and urban experience.
Modern Art: 1915 - Now (II; 3, 0)
Examination of artists and movements after 1915, including Dadaism, Surrealism, Constructivism, Abstract Expressionism, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, and Performance Art. Issues of class, race, and gender will be central.
Special Topics in Art History (I or II; R; 3, 0)
Topics will vary each semester.
History of Global Architecture (I or II; 3, 0)
This course traces the "Western" architectural tradition with particular attention to technical advances and cultural context.
Architecture and Art in London (I; 3, 0) Half or full course.
To undertake the study of the art of England and other countries as presented by and in the city of London and its environs. Prerequisites: London Semester students only and permission of the instructor.
French Art and Architecture (II; 3, 0)
Selected topics in painting, sculpture, and architecture from the medieval period to the present time. Prerequisites: Bucknell en France students only and permission of the instructor.
Visual Cultures of the Mediterranean 1 - 1000 CE (AII; 3, 0)
This class explores the visual art and architecture of the cultures (Romans, Jews, Muslims, Christians, etc.) that lived around the Mediterranean in the first millennium.
Philosophy of Art (I or II; 3, 0)
Analysis of the creative process, the work of art, natural beauty, aesthetic experience, and principles of criticism. Prerequisite: PHIL 100 or permission of the instructor. Crosslisted as PHIL 212.
Art and Architecture of Asia (I; 3, 0)
This course explores art and architecture of Asia from Neolithic period to the present. Special attention will be given to significant monuments and cultural context.
Popular Culture and Prints (II; 3, 0)
Popular culture as expressed in prints: their subjects, history, purpose, and social significance from Albrecht Dürer to Andy Warhol. Study original prints in Bucknell's and NYC collections.
Art of Japan (II; 3, 0)
Introduction to the art and architecture of Japan. Crosslisted as EAST 227.
Introduction to Visual Culture (I or II; 0, 3)
Introduction to the interdisciplinary study of visual culture with particular attention to representations and media from popular culture (billboards; slasher films; music video; etc.). Emphasis on issues of class, race and gender.
The Art of Structural Engineering (II; 3, 0)
Study of the development of the forms of buildings and bridges from scientific, social and symbolic perspectives using historical and modern examples. Students will analyze and critique structures through writing exercises, simple calculations (no calculus), and construction of physical models. Crosslisted as UNIV 240.
Archaeology of Egypt (AI or AII; 3, 0)
Survey of the material culture, with emphasis on major architectural and artistic developments and their legacy to modern Western civilization. Crosslisted as CLAS 241.
Archaeology of Greece (AI; 3, 0)
Survey of the material culture of the Greek world from the Bronze Age through the Hellenistic period. Crosslisted as CLAS 242.
Archaeology of Rome (AII; 3, 0)
Survey of the material culture of the Roman world from the Etruscans through the late Empire. Crosslisted as CLAS 243.
Art Gallery Internships (I or II; 6, 0)
The Bucknell Art Galleries offer three opportunities for student internships: Gallery Curatorial Intern will learn how exhibitions are curated and produced; Museum Collection Intern will learn how the permanent collection is conserved, documented, and used in research; Museum Education and Public Programs Intern will learn how galleries educate the public about art. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
Museum Studies: Gillray Exhibition (I or II; 3, 0)
This seminar will study and mount an exhibition of the caricatures (original prints in Bucknell's Samek Art Gallery) of James Gillray (1756-1815), the English engraver who invented the genre of British political caricature. Students will learn all aspects of organizing an exhibition.
Controversies in Art (AI or AII; 3, 0)
An investigation of philosophical issues related to various controversies in the art world and in aesthetics more generally. Prerequisite: PHIL 100 or permission of the instructor. Crosslisted as PHIL 265 and WMST 265.
Da Vinci and Renaissance Art (I; 3, 0)
Renaissance art in Italy with emphasis on Raphael, Leonardo, Michelangelo, Titian and others, and studying original paintings in Samek Art Gallery. Essential for students planning to study abroad in Italy.
Northern Renaissance Art (II; 3, 0)
Renaissance art in Northern Europe and its interconnections with Italian art. Flemish, French, and German painting by van Eyck, Albrecht Dürer, Grünewald, Holbein, François Clouet, Primaticcio compared with Raphael, Leonardo, painters in Venice.
Art and Architecture of the Islamic World (II; 3, 0)
A survey of Islamic art and architecture from the inception of the faith in the 7th century through the 16th century.
Special Topics in Medieval Art (I; R; 3, 0)
In-depth focus on one of several possible topics in medieval art, including the Cloister, the Portal, pilgrimage, or the saints. Prerequisite: ART 101 or ART 204 or permission of the instructor.
320. Independent Study in Art History (I and II; R) Quarter to full course.
Advanced problems in art history. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
Contemporary Art (I or II; 3, 0)
Study of key artists and concepts of the past 30 years. Focus on the transformation from modernism to postmodernism in painting, sculpture, photography, and performance art. Prerequisite: one of the following ARTH 102, ARTH 207, ARTH 208 or permission of the instructor.
Special Studies in Modern Art (I and II; R; 3, 0)
Seminar focusing on selected aspects of the interaction between the fine arts, popular culture, and contemporary society in the modern world. Prerequisite: one of the following ARTH 102, ARTH 211, ARTH 227 or ARTH 323.
Kress Paintings Seminar (I; 0, 3)
Study and do research on the Samek Art Gallery's collection of original Italian Renaissance paintings (Kress Collection) and prepare new publication on these pictures.
Gillray Prints Seminar (II; 0, 3)
Study the political and social caricatures of English engraver James Gillray in the original prints in the Samek Art Gallery collection; the tradition of caricature, and libel and freedom of speech issues.
Arts in Comparison: East/West (I or II; 3, 0)
Comparison of the roles that art has played in Asia with those in Europe, including representations of religion, society, geography and commerce. Prerequisite: ARTH 101, or ARTH 102, or permission of the instructor.
381. Honors Art History (I and II; R)
Independent study leading to the writing of a thesis. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.
Renaissance Women (II; 3, 0)
Interdisciplinary study of Renaissance women, their lives and experiences and their images in art, considered within their historical, social, literary contexts and constructs, and self-fashioning. Prerequisite: junior or senior status.
Culminating Experience (I; 3, 0)
Required for all art history majors. Students will explore individual research projects independently and workshop them in class. The class will culminate in a departmental art history conference where students will present their work. Prerequisite: senior status. Juniors by permission only.
For courses in theatre production and design, see listings in Theatre and Dance.