Resources: Five Great Reasons to Learn Italian
- 1. Enjoy the essence of western culture
Learn famous works of Literature, Arts, Architecture and Design in their original language, interpret old and new texts and have direct understanding of famous writers and artists like Dante, Machiavelli, Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Botticelli and Clemente.
Italy’s history and art: Italy has more than half of Europe's Unesco-protected monument (47). Art historians need Italian. According to UNESCO (the cultural and educational agency for the United Nations), over 60 percent of the entire world’s art treasures are found in Italy.
- 2. Appreciate Italian cinema, opera, fashion and gastronomy
Watch films by Fellini, Visconti, Pasolini and Benigni without subtitles. Read Verdi's, Rossini’s and Puccini’s librettos, and sing with Pavarotti and Bocelli. Understand fashion design by Armani, Valentino, Gucci, Ferragamo and Versace. Savor Italian gastronomy, known and appreciated all over the world.
Music: From folk music to classical, music has always played an important role in Italian culture. Instruments associated with classical music, including the piano and violin, were invented in Italy, and many of the prevailing classical music forms, such as the symphony, concerto and sonata, can trace their roots back to innovations of 16th and 17th century Italian music.
Italy's most famous composers include the Renaissance composers Palestrina and Monteverdi, Baroque composers Alessandro Scarlatti, Corelli and Vivaldi, Classical composers Paganini and Rossini, and Romantic composers Verdi and Puccini.
While the classical music tradition still holds strong in Italy, as evidenced by the fame of its innumerable opera houses, such as La Scala of Milan and San Carlo of Naples, and performers such as the pianist Maurizio Pollini and the late tenor Luciano Pavarotti, Italians have been no less appreciative of their thriving contemporary music scene. Modern Italian composers such as Berio and Nono proved significant in the development of experimental and electronic music.
Opera: Italy is widely known also for being the birthplace of opera. Italian opera was believed to have been founded in the early 17th century, in Italian cities such as Mantua and Venice. Later, works and pieces composed by native Italian composers of the 19th century and early 20th century, such as Rossini, Bellini, Donizetti, Verdi and Puccini, are among the most famous operas ever written and today are performed in opera houses across the world. La Scala operahouse in Milan is renowned as one of the best in the world. Famous Italian opera singers include Enrico Caruso, Alessandro Bonci, the late Luciano Pavarotti and Andrea Bocelli, to name a few.
Jazz: Introduced in the early 1920s, jazz took a particularly strong foothold in Italy, and remained popular despite the xenophobic cultural policies of the Fascist regime. Today, the most notable centers of jazz music in Italy include Milan, Rome and Sicily. Later, Italy was at the forefront of the progressive rock movement of the 1970s, with bands like PFM and Goblin.
Pop: Today, Italian pop music is represented annually with the Sanremo Music Festival, which served as inspiration for the Eurovision song contest, and the Festival of Two Worlds in Spoleto. Singers such as pop diva Mina, classical crossover artist Andrea Bocelli, Grammy winner Laura Pausini, and European chart-topper Eros Ramazzotti have attained international acclaim.
Cinema: The history of Italian cinema began a few months after the Lumière brothers began motion picture exhibitions. The first Italian film was a few seconds long, showing Pope Leo XIII giving a blessing to the camera. The Italian film industry was born between 1903 and 1908 with three companies: the Società Italiana Cines, the Ambrosio Film and the Itala Film. Other companies soon followed in Milan and in Naples. In a short time these first companies reached a fair producing quality, and films were soon sold outside Italy.
Cinema was later used by Benito Mussolini, who founded Rome's renowned Cinecittà studio for the production of Fascist propaganda until World War II. After the war, Italian film was widely recognized and exported until an artistic decline around the 1980s. Notable Italian film directors from this period include Vittorio De Sica, Federico Fellini, Sergio Leone, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Luchino Visconti, Michelangelo Antonioni and Dario Argento. Movies include world cinema treasures such as La dolce vita, Il buono, il brutto, il cattivo and Ladri di biciclette. In recent years, the Italian scene has received only occasional international attention, with movies like La vita è bella directed by Roberto Benigni and Il postino with Massimo Troisi.
Fashion: Italian fashion has a long tradition and is regarded as one of the most important in the world. Milan, Florence and Rome are Italy's main fashion capitals; however, Naples, Turin, Venice, Bologna, Genoa and Vicenza are other major centers. According to the 2009 Global Language Monitor, Milan was nominated the true fashion capital of the world, even surpassing other international cities, such as New York, Paris, London and Tokyo. Rome came fourth. Major Italian fashion labels, such as Gucci, Prada, Versace, Valentino, Armani, Dolce & Gabbana, Missoni, Fendi, Moschino, Max Mara and Ferragamo, to name a few, are regarded as amongst the finest fashion houses in the world. Also, the fashion magazine Vogue Italia, is considered the most important and prestigious fashion magazine in the world.
Design: Italy is also prominent in the field of design, notably interior design, architectural design, industrial design and urban design. Italy has produced some well-known furniture designers, such as Gio Ponti and Ettore Sottsass, and Italian phrases such as "Bel Disegno" and "Linea Italiana" have entered the vocabulary of furniture design. Examples of classic pieces of Italian white goods and pieces of furniture include Zanussi's washing machines and fridges, the "New Tone" sofas by Atrium, and the post-modern bookcase by Ettore Sottsass, inspired by Bob Dylan's song "Memphis Blues." Today, Milan and Turin are the nation's leaders in architectural design and industrial design. The city of Milan hosts the FieraMilano, Europe's biggest design fair. Milan also hosts major design and architecture-related events and venues, such as the "Fuori Salone" and the Salone del Mobile, and has been home to the designers Bruno Munari, Lucio Fontana, Enrico Castellani and Piero Manzoni.
Cuisine: Modern Italian cuisine has evolved through centuries of social and political changes, with its roots reaching back to the 4th century BC. Significant change occurred with the discovery of the New World, when vegetables such as potatoes, tomatoes, bell peppers and maize became available. However, these central ingredients of modern Italian cuisine were not introduced in scale before the 18th century. Ingredients and dishes vary by region. However, many dishes that were once regional have proliferated in different variations across the country. Cheese and wine are major parts of the cuisine, playing different roles both regionally and nationally with their many variations and Denominazione di origine controllata (regulated appellation) laws. Coffee, and more specifically espresso, has become highly important to the cultural cuisine of Italy. Some famous dishes and items include pasta, pizza, lasagna, focaccia and gelato.
- 3. Communicate all around the world
Fifty-five million speakers of the language live in Italy and 6.7 million live outside of the country (Europe, North Africa, Americas). Between 120 and 150 million people use Italian as a second or cultural language, worldwide.
Italy's official language is Italian. As of May 16, 2010, Ethnologue: Language of the World report has estimated that there are about 55 million speakers of the language in Italy and 6.7 million outside of the country. However, between 120 and 150 million people use Italian as a second or cultural language, worldwide.
Italian around the world: Italy's official language is Italian. As of May 16, 2010, Ethnologue: Language of the World report has estimated that there are about 55 million speakers of the language in Italy and 6.7 million outside of the country. However, between 120 and 150 million people use Italian as a second or cultural language, worldwide.
Italian is also an official language of San Marino, Switzerland, Slovenia, Vatican City and in some areas of Istria in Slovenia and Croatia with an Italian minority. It is also widely known and taught in Monaco and Malta. It is also largely spoken in Corsica and Nice (for both were former Italian possessions before being handed over to France), and Albania. Italian is spoken in such parts of Africa as Ethiopia, Somalia, Libya, Tunisia and Eritrea. It is widely used by Italians living in Luxembourg, Germany, Belgium, the United States, Canada, Venezuela, Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina and Australia.
The presence of Italian people is very substantial above all in Latin America. In this case the presence of Italian language, most of all its northern dialects, is abundant in Venezuela, Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina. Here the Spanish and the Portuguese languages are influenced by Italian, particularly in some parts of these countries (i.e. Rio Grande do Sul, Cordoba, Chipilo etc.). In the United States, Italian speakers are most commonly found in Boston, Chicago, Miami, New York City and Philadelphia. In Canada there are large Italian-speaking communities in Montreal and Toronto.
- 4. Increase job opportunities in a global market
An estimated 7,500 American companies do business with Italy and more than 1,000 U.S. firms have offices in Italy, including IBM, General Electric, Motorola and PriceWaterhouseCoopers. Italy is a world leader in the culinary arts and interior, fashion, graphic and furniture design.
Italian at work. Italy’s economy is changing: state-owned companies are becoming privatized, opening up the Italian market to American companies and professionals in aerospace, transportation, insurance, finance, shipping, telecommunications and other commerce.
With the Italian market opening, American companies alike AT&T and IBM will establish ties with Italian companies in the areas of Cable TV, international cellular telephone systems, the Internet and more, and need employees who speak Italian and English. American companies expanding in Italy have a great demand for software designers, systems engineers, technical support, marketers and managers who speak Italian and English.
Italy is a world leader in the culinary arts and interior, fashion, graphic and furniture design. Those planning careers in such fields greatly benefit from knowing Italian. Italy has long been a magnet for the tourism industry. In 2004 Italy headed the list of foreign destinations for vacation travel in Europe. Travel and tourism products in Italy increased by 339 percent in Italy in 2004, compared to 2003 when it grew 113 percent . This compared with the European average of 60 percent.
Italy is one of the top five economies in the world, and many employers are seeking people who speak both Italian and English. Knowing Italian is greatly beneficial in several career fields. Italy is a world leader in machine tool manufacturing, robotics, electromechanical machinery, shipbuilding, space engineering, construction machinery and transportation equipment.
The country was the world's 7th largest exporter in 2009. Italy's major exports and companies by sector are motor vehicles (Fiat, Aprilia, Ducati, Piaggio); chemicals and petrochemicals (Eni); energy and electrical engineering (Enel, Edison); home appliances (Candy, Indesit), aerospace and defense technologies (Alenia Aeronautica, Agusta, Finmeccanica), firearms (Beretta), fashion (Armani, Valentino, Versace, Dolce & Gabbana, Roberto Cavalli, Benetton, Prada, Luxottica); food processing (Ferrero, Barilla Group, Martini & Rossi, Campari, Parmalat); sport and luxury vehicles (Ferrari, Maserati, Lamborghini, Pagani); yachts (Ferretti, Azimut). Italy's closest trade ties are with the other countries of the European Union, with whom it conducts about 59 percent of its total trade. Its largest EU trade partners, in order of market share, are Germany (12.9 percent), France (11.4 percent), and Spain (7.4 percent).
- 5. Travel to Italy to find your past, and your future
As a student in the Italian Program, you can study in Italy for a semester or an entire year. Visit memorable cities such as Rome, Venice, Naples and Florence. Research your family roots, and have a nice long chat with your Italian-born grandparents and relatives. (Read more: Study Abroad)