On October 4, 2011, the faculty of Bucknell University approved an institutional policy on open access publishing that obligates Bucknell faculty members to make all subsequent peer-reviewed journal articles open access.
Open access scholarship makes materials available digitally, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. The goal of open access is to remove pricing barriers (e.g. subscription costs) and permission barriers (e.g. restrictive licensing policies) in order to disseminate scholarship as widely as possible.
There are three main arguments in support of open access:
Open access publishing requires scholars to make a copy of their work available on the Internet to be crawled and indexed by search engines. One way to do this is to publish in a fully open access journal (see the Directory of Open Access Journals for titles in your field). Another way is to place your work in an institutional repository, like Bucknell Digital Commons, which will preserve, maintain, and make available a digital copy of your work. You can also deposit your work in a disciplinary repository (such as arXiv (physics) or the social science research network (SSRN). The process of depositing your work in a repository is called self-archiving.Open access publishing does not require you to publish in specific journals. Many journals and publishers already explicitly allow self-archiving as part of their author's agreements. In fact, approximately 60-70% of the journal articles published by Bucknell faculty are already eligible for self-archiving under their publishers' current open access policies. You can obtain permission to self-archive from other journals and publishers by adding an addendum to your author's agreement, such as the example available from the Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC). Information about the policies of specific journals and publishers is available via the RoMEO database. Open access does not change the peer review process, and all serious advocates for open access emphasize the importance and value of peer review. Open access is also fully compatible with current copyright laws. Open access does not change the principles of copyright, only how the rights are allocated. Because authors retain more rights, open access gives more power to authors.For additional information on open access see the Open Access Directory, Peter Suber's "Open Access Overview," the Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook, and the SPARC website. For Bucknell-specific information, please see the scholarly communications webpage, the library's scholarly communications blog, or contact Bucknell's scholarly communications team at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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