1941 - 1954

Bucknell University Studies, vols. 1 - 4

Bucknell University Studies provided the means for publication of results of research or scholarly work of any kind by members of Bucknell University and the Bucknell University Junior College at Wilkes-Barre. The journals include scholarly research on topics ranging from literature, history, and semantics to sociology, politics, psychology, and pedagogy.


1954 - 1973

Bucknell Review, edited by Harry Garvin and Gladys Cook, vols. 5 - 21

Bucknell Review, a scholarly journal of letters, arts, and science, published an array of research and papers on topics such as college learning, world literature, history, philosophy, and religion by authors and academics from institutions across the United States.



Phenomenology, Structuralism, Semiology, edited by Harry R. Garvin, vol. 22, no. 1

The articles in this volume assess the achievements of phenomenology and structuralism and their role in philosophy in preparation for the emergence of semiotics, and touch on an investigation of the relationships among anthropology, psychoanalysis, and myth, and of religion, and sociology.



Twentieth-Century Poetry, Fiction, Theory, edited by Harry R. Garvin and John D. Kirkland, Jr., vol. 22, no. 2

This collection of essays is bound by a common dwelling within the problematic core of twentieth-century literature. A literature known for both destroying and constructing new worlds, it also contains a core that questions the vitality of its own sources and the meaning of its own resourcefulness. The essays address fundamental and dialogical issues, including the limits of language and the need for linguistic form, the generation of vital forms and the termination of styles, and the sources of creation and the significance of creating.


New Dimensions in the Humanities and Social Sciences, edited by Harry R. Garvin and John D. Kirkland, Jr., vol. 23, no. 1

New Dimensions in the Humanities and Social Sciences explores the transformation of human understanding under way in humanistic and social scientific inquiry. The essays in this volume evidence a rethinking of the very grounds of understanding and challenge the reach and limits of the central concepts of human and rational.


Literature and History, edited by Harry Garvin and John D. Kirkland, Jr., vol. 23, no. 2

This volume of the Bucknell Review contributes to the discussion of the development of new relationships between literature and history in literary criticism. The studies included in this collection discuss specific literary works in relation to the theory and method of history, and deal largely with the Romantic Age and the emergence of historicism.



Women, Literature, Criticism, edited by Harry R.Garvin, vol. 24 no. 1

The essays in this issue of Bucknell Review represent recent developments in the study of women. They are diverse in opinion, varied in method, and focused in major theoretical approaches. The essays range from historical to biographical, archetypal, and formalist, often in combination, and group around three prominent inquiries characteristic of the study of women and literature: inherited ideas of feminine roles, actualities of female experience and modes of critical perception of women.



The Arts and their Interrelations, edited by Harry R. Garvin and James M. Heath, vol. 24, no. 2

The ten essays in this volume further studies in the interrelations among the arts by exploring recent developments in that area. The explorations are theoretical and practical, with phenomenologists, structuralists, and semiologists offering their interdisciplinary insights into the arts, and practical critics providing close analysis and comparisons of the "same" subject matter expressed through various media.



Shakespeare, Contemporary Critical Approaches, edited by Harry R. Garvin and Michael D. Payne, vol. 25, no. 1

The essays in this issue of the Bucknell Review explore dimensions of Shakespeare's contributions that have rarely been treated before: Shakespeare's perception of painting as an art form, the study of Stoicism versus Epicureanism in his characters, the aesthetic tendencies that were dominant in England after 1590, feudal and bourgeois concepts of values, and the suppression and exploitation of the peasantry for the benefit of the traditional ruling class, among others.


Romanticism, Modernism, Postmodernism, edited by Harry R. Garvin, vol. 25, no. 2, OUT OF PRINT

In these essays, critics and artists are engaged in exploring how individual artists and critics in both the past and the present have attempted to deal with the impelling problems of art, nature, and their own being in a world that offers such a plethora of alternative meanings and constructions. These explorations seem to show that postmodernism, Romanticism, and modernism are necessary and vital concepts.



Theories of Reading, Looking, and Listening, edited by Harry R. Garvin and Steven Mailloux, vol. 26, no. 1

In accordance with the growing interest in reading and interpretation among contemporary literary theorists, this issue of Bucknell Review is concerned primarily with current theories of the reading process and reader-oriented criticism. The essays gathered here provide a cross section of contemporary reader-oriented approaches to literature with papers analyzing established theories of reading and papers representing new developments in accounts of reading or extensions of older theories.



Literature, Arts, and Religion, edited by Harry R. Garvin and James M. Heath, vol. 26, no. 2

This issue of the Bucknell Review offers a collection of papers that discuss a wide range of art and literary forms, their religious content, and the interactions among them. The authors explore both literary and art forms, focusing on fundamental concerns that relate their specific works and the religious content.


Literature and Ideology, edited by Harry R.Garvin and James M. Heath, vol. 27, no. 1

This issue of the Bucknell Review considers questions of contemporary significance that arise in the study of ideology in literature. This topic is approached from three viewpoints: writers as they incorporate in their work ideological content in some more or less conspicuous form; the approach of critics attempting to understand literary works while at the same time remaining aware that they are subject to different ideological claims and pressures; and how women are affected in their lives and work by the ideologies of their societies.



Science and Literature, edited by Harry R. Garvin and James M. Heath, vol. 27, no. 2

This issue of the Bucknell Review offers a selection of essays that discuss works illustrating various approaches to science and its role in literature and the arts. Science, on one hand, is viewed as an alien ideology and a threat to all the arts hold dear. On the other hand, it can be seen as an investigation of complexity and an ordering of the disorderly.

The American Renaissance: New Dimensions, edited by Harry R. Garvin and Peter C. Carafiol, vol. 28, no. 1

The essays in this collection illustrate in different ways the usefulness of accommodation between traditional American scholarship and recent theoretical methods.


Rhetoric, Literature, and Interpretation, edited by Harry R. Garvin, vol. 28, no. 2

The essays in this volume of the Bucknell Review defend and illuminate the role of critic and offer fresh, often controversial analyses of the texts and the theories that oppose rhetoric to interpretation. Three groups of essays explore the rhetoric-interpretation dichotomy and present the problems inherent in and suggest new directions for rhetorical and interpretative approaches to literature.



The Arts, Society, Literature, edited by Harry R. Garvin ; associate editor, James M. Heath, vol. 29, no. 1

The scholars and critics in this issue of the Bucknell Review present examples of responsible approaches to integrating various disciplines, relying on their professional competence in one or more areas but not denying the limitations they face in exploring territory beyond their own domain.



Text, Interpretation, Theory, edited by James M. Heath and Michael Payne, vol. 29, no. 2, OUT OF PRINT

The essays in this collection of essays illustrate the variety of contemporary critical discourse, commenting on the forms of practical or formalist criticism, contextual criticism, and hermeneutical criticism. The papers in the first part present and some metacritical approaches, and the papers in the second part interpret a variety of specific texts in ways that illustrate the interplay of various theoretical approaches.



Perspective : Art, Literature, Participation, edited by Mark Neuman and Michael Payne, vol. 30, no. 1, OUT OF PRINT

Perspective: Art, Literature, Participation encourages readers, through their engagement with literature and art, to examine themselves as social beings. The essays in this collection reflect on a variety of themes-the differing yet compatible realities of art, society, and literature; spectator participation and choice-making; the unity of the arts; the interweaving of present circumstances and artistic indebtedness; and the power of compassion.


Self, Sign, and Symbol, edited by Mark Neuman and Michael Payne, vol. 30, no. 2

Self, Sign, and Symbol wrestles with postformalist questions about texts from a variety of discrete but related points of view.



Criticism, History, and Intertextuality, edited by Richard Fleming and Michael Payne, vol. 31, no. 1

Criticism, History, and Intertextuality is a series of essays that explore the dynamics of intertextuality-the recognition that a given text uncannily refuses to obey the principle of organic form by assuming the shape of a unified whole, however fissured by irony, tension, and paradox.


New Interpretations of American Literature, edited by Richard Fleming and Michael Payne, vol. 31, no. 2

The essays in this volume offer new interpretations of works by Hawthorne, Thoreau, Melville, Stevens, and Moore. They emphasize the importance of what can be determined through careful, contextually informed reading at a time when so much attention in literary study has been given to breaks, slippages, and irreconcilable oppositions in texts.



The Senses of Stanley Cavell, edited by Richard Fleming and Michael Payne, vol. 32, no. 1, OUT OF PRINT

This issue of the Bucknell Review celebrates the grandeur of Stanley Cavell's accomplishments; explores some of the territory that has been opened or rediscovered by his philosophical work; and gives an indication of the range of creative work in philosophy, criticism, and film study inspired by Cavell's texts.

John Cage at Seventy-Five, edited by Richard Fleming and William Duckworth, vol. 32, no. 2

This issue of the Bucknell Review is a seventy-fifth birthday tribute to American composer John Cage. It includes two conversations with Cage, a photo essay containing rare photos of the artist, and essays devoted to the two most important influences in Cage's work: Eastern philosophy and the American thought of Thoreau and Ives. Also included in this issue are essays on how Cage's writing can best be read and how Cage's chance music can be analytically approached. The centerpiece of the volume is "Anarchy," a text by Cage himself published here for the first time.


Comedias del siglo de oro and Shakespeare, edited by Susan L. Fischer, vol. 33, no. 1

The essays in this volume of the Bucknell Review are devoted to comparative studies of Shakespeare and seventeenth-century Spanish dramatists. In most of the essays, Shakespeare serves as a critical tool for explicating the Spanish comedia.



Mappings of the Biblical Terrain: the Bible as Text, edited by Vincent L. Tollers and John Maier, vol. 33, no. 2

Twenty-five international biblical scholars and literary theorists apply the methods of literary criticism, semantics, social criticism, theology, narratology, and gender studies to the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. New connections between Judaism and Christianity are suggested.


The Philosophy of John William Miller, edited by Joseph P. Fell, vol. 34, no. 1

This issue of the Bucknell Review represents the first concerted effort to introduce and interpret John William Miller's philosophy, which was sometimes called ''historical idealism.''

Culture and Education in Victorian England, edited by Patrick Scott and Pauline Fletcher, vol. 34, no. 2

The essays in this volume reflect on the role of culture and education as instruments for transmitting values. They show how art, literature, the British Museum, and formal education could all be used to inculcate the values of the ruling classes, though certain trends throughout the Victorian Era attempted to subvert attempts to impose a monolithic cultural authority.



Classics and Cinema, edited by Martin M. Winkler, vol. 35, no. 1

Classics and Cinema contains essays on films that overtly deal with antiquity and on films that have recourse to archetypal mythical or literary themes. The contributors, all classical scholars, intend their papers to be representative of various approaches to the subject at hand and to give an indication of the range such explorations may take.


Reconfiguring the Renaissance: Essays in Critical Materialism, edited by Johanathan Crewe, vol. 35, no. 2

Dealing primarily with English and Italian Renaissance texts, and representing the work of emerging as well as established critics in the Renaissance field, this volume reveals some of the polemical and methodological diversity of current Renaissance interpretation.



Wordsworth in Context, edited by Pauline Fletcher and John Murphy, Vol. 36, No. 1

The essays in this volume approach William Wordsworth's poetry from various perspectives, but all are informed by an awareness of modern theoretical and contextual issues. The papers in this volume were originally presented at the Conference on Revolutionary Romanticism 1790-1990, hosted by Bucknell University.

"Turning the Century": Feminist Theory in the 1990s, edited by Glynis Carr, Vol. 36, no. 2

This volume of literary and cultural theory continues certain debates that dominated feminism in the early 1980s. The essays address the traditional concerns of feminism, including how to analyze women's oppression and act politically to end it, as well as more contemporary issues of the tensions between coalition-building and the dangers of "mono-issue" critical perspectives and agendas for activism.



Black/White Writing: Essays on South African Literature, edited by Pauline Fletcher, vol. 37, no. 1

The contributors to this volume of essays bring a diversity of approaches to bear on the works of writers from South Africa who have gained increasing international recognition; a common theme might be the underlying question of what it is that makes literature from South Africa something of a special case.


Worldviews and Ecology, edited by Mary Evelyn Tucker and John A. Grim, vol. 37, no. 2

This issue of Bucknell Review provides an overview of the various traditional and contemporary worldviews as resources for thinking about ecology. Its essays express worldviews that are being rediscovered or articulated for the first time in response to the current environmental crisis.



Irishness and (Post)Modernism, edited by John S. Rickard, vol. 38, no. 1

The nine essays collected in this issue of the Bucknell Review approach the critical intersection between the national and transnational categories of Irishness and (post)modernism from different theoretical perspectives. Each essay seeks to investigate the consequences of abstract categories such as Irishness, modernism, and postmodernism where they are applied to a variety of modern Irish writers.



Anthropology and the German Enlightenment: Perspectives on Humanity, edited by Katherine M. Faull, vol. 38, no. 2

This volume is a collection of essays on various notions of the human state during the Enlightenment and post-Enlightenment period in Germany. The book includes articles on Madame de Staël, Herder and India, Kant and race, Nicholas von Zinzendorf, Lichtenberg, the Brothers Grimm, and Humboldt.


Having our Way: Women Rewriting Tradition in Twentieth-Century America, edited by Harriet Pollack, vol. 39, no. 1

This set of essays considers the work of ten women writers: Nella Larsen, Zelda Fitzgerald, Flannery O'Connor, Eudora Welty, Sylvia Plath, Hisaye Yamamoto, Toni Morrison, Maxine Hong Kingston, Louise Erdrich, and Sandra Cisneros. The essays bring together the voices of ten other women writers who are themselves having their way with academic tradition, rewriting it from the women's points of view.



Self-Conscious Art : a Tribute to John W. Kronik, edited by Susan L. Fischer, vol. 39, no. 2

Self-conscious art constitutes a significant and previously neglected feature of modern literature and is a crucial concern of contemporary criticism. The essays in this volume consider such questions as the limits of self-consciousness, the creative and circumstantial tensions that produce its various features, the ludic nature of art, the role of interpretation, and the aesthetic, social, and mythic reverberations of self reflexive art.


Sound and Light: La Monte Young Marian Zazeela, edited by Willam Duckworth and Richard Fleming, vol. 40, no. 1 [REPRINTED IN 2010]

The issue of the Bucknell Review introduces artists La Monte Young and Marian Zazeela to those unfamiliar with them. It also provides the more acquainted reader with new and useful insights and analyses of the fundamental issues in their life and work. The book explores the recurring themes that have influenced and organized Young and Zazeela's ongoing engagement with sound and light.


Perspectives on Contemporary Spanish American Theatre, edited by Frank Dauster, vol. 40, no. 2

The burgeoning Spanish American theater is relatively unknown to the wider reading public. In this collection of nine essays, specialists in Spanish American theater examine social and esthetic issues reflected in today's vital drama. Included are topics such as the demythologizing of received history, the revision of classical myth and tragedy to express social marginality, and the extent to which these tragedies can be culture-specific.



Reviewing Orpheus: Essays on the Cinema and Art of Jean Cocteau, edited by Cornelia A. Tsakiridou, vol. 41, no. 1

The Orphic cinema of Jean Cocteau in relationship to his theatrical, autobiographic, literary, and poetic work is examined in this book in the context of a critically postmodern problematic. Essays are addressed to the general reader and student who both seek a deeper acquaintance with Cocteau's cinematography and art, and to the specialist who is interested in new approaches to the study and reevaluation of Cocteau's legacy.



Questioning History: the Postmodern Turn to the Eighteenth Century, edited by Greg Clingham, vol. 41, no. 2

Questioning History examines the historiography of postmodern phenomena (the metafictions of Jeannette Winterson, Patrick Suskind, Allen Kurzweil, Wole Soyinka, and others, as well as the representation of modern film and photography, architecture, and race) in relation to the eighteenth-century texts that they ventriloquize, including those of Edward Hyde, John Bunyan, John Gay, William Hogarth, Horace Walpole, Denis Diderot, Pierre de Laclos, and Johann Herder.


Introduction: the Question of History and Eighteenth-Century Studies, Greg Clingham; 1. Fictions of Enlightenment: Sontag, Suskind, Norfolk, Kurzweil, Julie C. Hayes; 2. Between Calvin and Calvino: Postmodernism and Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress, Allen Michie; 3. Winterson's Fiction and Enlightenment Historiography, Greg Clingham; 4. "To invent in art and folly:" Postmodernism and Walpole's Castle of Otranto, Lee Morrissey; 5. The History of "The Moving Image;" Rethinking Movement in the Eighteenth-Century Print Tradition and the early Years of Photography and Film, Philip E. Baruth and Nancy M. West; 6. Singing the Imperial Blues: The Scriblerians after Wole Soyinka, Clement Hawes; 7. "Almost an Englishman:" Equiano and the Colonial Gift of Language, William C. Mottolese; 8. Herder and the Postcolonial Reconfiguring of the Enlightenment, Bob Chase.


Making History: Textuality and the Form of 18th Century Culture, edited by Greg Clingham, vol. 42, no. 1

"History" occupies a central yet ambiguous position in both eighteenth-century studies and postmodernism. The impact of recent theory on eighteenth-century studies has expanded the concept of history, focusing attention on marginal and alternative discourses, genres, and subjectivities. Simultaneously, the traditional eighteenth-century paradigms have been identified as underlying the modern, compromised concepts of self, gender, sex, nation, race, representation, truth, and history that postmodern and postcolonial critiques challenge in the name of a more liberated problematics. Making History is a collection of essays that registers this postmodern challenge, but questions its version of eighteenth-century historiography by demonstrating that historiography to be complicit with and implicit in the postmodern project itself.


Introduction: History between Text and World, Greg Clingham; 1. The Canonical Ossian, Martin Wechselblatt; 2. Chatterton, Ackroyd, and the Fiction of Eighteenth-Century Historiography, Greg Clingham; 3. "A by-stander often sees more of the game than those that play:" Ann Yearsley Reads The Castle of Otranto, Madeleine Kahn; 4. History as "Retro:" Veiling Inheritance in Lennox's The Female Quixote, Erin F. Labbie; 5. Sexuality on the Surface: Catholicism and the Erotic Object in Lewis's The Monk, Lisa Naomi Mulman; 6. Violence against Difference: Mary Wollstonecraft and Mary Robinson, Adriana Craciun; 7. Forbidden Knowledge: Intertextual Discovery and Imitation in the French Revolution, Steven Blakemore.


History and Memory: Suffering and Art, edited by Harold Schweizer, vol. 42, no. 2

The essayists in this collection ponder the relationship between history and suffering, and ask what forms of narrative could articulate or mediate such a relationship. Included are genres as different as philosophy, photography, lyrical poetry, and political satire, in order to trace the outlines of a revisionist historiography that would not belie the discontinuous history of those who suffer.



Rites of Passage in Ancient Greece: Literature, Religion, Society, edited by Mark W. Padilla, vol. 43, no. 1

The twelve essays in this volume of the Bucknell Review treat the topic of rites of passage in ancient Greece, focusing largely on Athenian tragedy, but also Plato, the Greek novel, the festival of Anthesteria, and other topics.



Bakhtin and the Nation, vol. 43, no. 2, edited by the San Diego Bakhtin Circle: Barry A. Brown, Christopher Conway, Rhett Gambol, Susan Kalter, Lara E. Runerto, Toma´s F. Taraborrelli, and Donald Wesling.

The essays in this volume give the reader insight into the problem of the Nation with, and sometimes surpassing, the help of Bakhtin. The substantial introduction and ten essays work with and beyond the communication theory of Bakhtin and approach Nation in terms both literary and political. The book is equally a contribution to Nation Studies and Bakhtin Studies, with extensive argumentation and current bibliographies on both elements of the title.


New Essays in Ecofeminist Literary Criticism, edited by Glynis Carr, vol. 44, no. 1

This collection gathers new essays in ecofeminist literary criticism and theory that extend the critical trajectory of ecocriticism toward interdisciplinarity, multiculturalism, and internationalism in the context of social ecofeminist theory and practice. The volume focuses on several major issues: multiculturalism and issues of environmental justice, constructions of masculinity and heterosexuality, formation of communities of resistance, and questions of language and representation.



Caribbean Cultural Identities, edited by Glyne A. Griffith, vol. 44, no. 2

Formerly listed as Cultural Identities in the Anglophone Caribbean, the essays in this volume examine the construction of cultural identities in the English-speaking Caribbean. Contributors examine, among other things, the ''invisibility'' of Indo-Trinidadian labor on the landscape of Trinidadian belonging and authenticity; the role of the Calypso and Carnival culture in Caribbean identity construction; and the significance of stereotype and ''negative identity'' in the discussion of Haitian identity.


Lorca, Buñuel, Dalí: Art and Theory, edited by Manuel Delgado Morales and Alice J. Poust, vol. 45, no. 1

This volume of essays commemorates and celebrates the creative works of Frederico Garcı´a Lorca, Salvado´r Dalı´, and Luis Buñuel, three contemporaries and friends. The essays suggest that the artistic creations of Lorca, Dalí´, and Buñuel feature theoretical ideas on (their) contemporary art in general, as well as on the particular art form cultivated by each-ideas that help us to better understand their work as it relates to a wide range of aesthetic theories.


Untrodden Regions of the Mind: Romanticism and Psychoanalysis, edited by Ghislaine McDayter, vol. 45, no. 2

Untrodden Regions of the Mind is an extensive collection of essays on Romantic literature written from a psychoanalytic perspective. With essays on both Continental and British Romantic writers, this volume explores not only the complex operations of gender and subjectivity but also how textual analysis reveals the ways in which the unconscious of the literary body resists and denies interpretive analysis just as forcefully as the individual unconscious.



Art and the Religious Impulse, edited by Eric Michael Mazur, vol. 46, no. 1

This collection explores the relationship between religion and the arts and challenges presumptionsheld in society about these two fields. Topics covered include church architecture, folk art, nineteenth century classical music, contemporary fiction, recent film, performance art, and the battles over the public funding of the arts.



Adrift in the Technological Matrix, edited by David L. Erben, vol. 46, no. 2

These essays take a general cultural approach to the notion of there being a technological ''matrix'' in which we all now find ourselves ''adrift'' and of which our experience is often ''dread.''



Translation and Culture, edited by Katherine Faull, vol. 47, no. 1

Translation and Culture examines the cultural politics of translation that determine the production and dissemination of ''the foreign'' in domestic cultures as varied as contemporary North America, Europe, and Israel.


Points of Contact: Crossing Cultural Boundaries, edited by Amy Golahny, vol. 47, no. 2

This collection of eight essays examines cases of contacts between Pacific Rim and western European cultures to explore the phenomena of appropriations, intersections, transculturations, and discrete identities.


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