The eight war loan drives of World War II were a crucial factor in overall victory for America and the Allies. At various critical time frames, each loan had a significant influence on the war.


"THE 6th WAR LOAN"
LUKE BROWN and SHANE RICCIO
GROUP I, TEAM 2

Research/Analysis
“Next! The 6th War Loan” … when the War Loan drive was completed, over twenty-one billion dollars had been raised.1 This poster, created in 1944, reveals the brutal war in the Pacific [was] the soldier’s war. The tired, beaten-up, muddy face of the soldier looks down on Japan … revealing his determination to end the war.

The United States used island-hopping as the main offensive strategy. American soldiers inched their way through the Pacific, fighting on every major occupied island, a slow, tedious process resulting in mass casualties . . . . After winning the Battle of Midway in 1942, the U.S. attacked, and finally controlled, the Marshal Islands and the Marianas, including Saipan, Guam, and Tinian. In order to have landing fields for the bombing of Japan, the next major hurdle was to attack, and win, Iwo Jima.

[To defend Iwo Jima], the Japanese built sixteen miles of tunnels connecting 1,500 underground rooms.2 The guiding principle of Japanese strategy demanded that each soldier kill ten Americans before they themselves were killed.3 In 36 days of fighting, virtually [every] Japanese [soldier] fulfilled his duty, dying with honor [according to the firmly held beliefs of his country]. Almost all … 22, 000 Japanese who defended the island perished.

The capture of Iwo Jima was … one of the bloodiest battles of the war. Of the 71,034 Americans in the raid, 14,111 were injured or killed.

Evocative Meanings/Icons
The muddy, war-tired, yet determined face of the soldier reveals that the U.S. military went through hell . . . [but], after the islands were under American control, the bombing of Japan ended the war.

_________________________________________
1Answers.com. “Declaration of War by the United States,” Answers.com online. Available from http://www.answers.com/topic/declaration-of-war-by-the-united-states; 10/23/06
2Ibid.
3Ibid.

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