"Hooking up, Alcohol Consumption and Sexual Assault: Differentially Risky Behaviors"
Brooke E. Campbell Graduate Student; Allyson B. Hopper, 2011; Leigh A. Bryant, 2011; Katherine W. Lang, 2011; Andrea A. Massa, 2012; Jenni E. Whalen, 2012, and the Bucknell Sexual Assault Research Team
Previous research has demonstrated a significant association between sexual assault and alcohol consumption and between unwanted sexual experiences and hooking up (Flack, Daubman, et. al., 2007). In the present study, we tested these relationships more directly by asking sexual assault victims to indicate the primary reason(s) that their assault took place and the type of hook-up, if any, in which they occurred. Participants in this study were 373 female Bucknell students (sophomore through senior) who completed an online survey that included measures of sexual assault, alcohol intoxication, and hooking-up. The overall prevalence rate for any type of sexual assault was 44.2%. Specific prevalence rates for non-invasive contact, rape, and attempted rape were 39.7%, 22.3%, and 22.5%, respectively. Within all types of sexual assault, the most prevalent hook up type was hook ups with acquaintances and the most common reason given across all seven types of assault was incapacitation due to intoxication. These findings demonstrate direct, significant relationships between sexual assault and hooking up and between sexual assault and alcohol intoxication. If replicated, we would hope that these findings would be used to educate students in future efforts to prevent sexual assault.