- Public Health Concerns of Shale Gas Production
The authors highlight some of the practices and processes of shale gas drilling that might pose a health risk. Not enough research has been done on all aspects of shale gas drilling to know the exact health risks but the authors claim that enough is known to raise a high level of concern for individual and community health. The authors call for drilling to be slowed or stopped to allow adequate research to improve our understanding of the health implications of shale gas drilling. This is a supplementary article to the Post Carbon Institute Hughes report, "Will Natural Gas Fuel America in the 21st Century?".
- Natural gas operations from a public health perspective
Summarizes potential health effects of products and chemicals used in natural gas operations. Toxicological categorization of the products and chemicals that are summarized in the article were acquired by obtaining the Material Safety Data Sheets, reports and environmental assessments from different sources, including states and industry.
- Marcellus Shale: A Citizens View
Pennsylvanians believe that gas drilling in the Marcellus Shale has moved too quickly and that public officials need to do a better job protecting their communities and the environment, according to the final report of the Citizens Marcellus Shale Commission.
- Blind Rush: Shale Gas Boom Proceeds amid Human Health Questions
This article discusses some of the major environmental health concerns associated with the processes of hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling. It refers to data from health studies from many regions of the country, including not only Marcellus but Texas and Wyoming as well, stating that air and groundwater pollution are two main concerns. Water pollution is a main concern due to the quantity of water and and types of chemicals used in the process, as well as the produced water from after the process is complete, containing the same toxins as well as salt, heavy metals and other contaminants. Issues can also be seen related to residential drilling, as often the mineral rights associated with land are not owned by the homeowner. Further, there is still a lack of definitive research regarding the variety of potential human health effects related to shale gas drilling, so more definitive, long-term research is necessary before moving ahead.
- Natural Gas Plays in the Marcellus Shale: Challenges and Potential Opportunities
Challenges involved in extracting shale gas include the depth of the resource, hydraulic fracturing, need for water withdrawals, and health and environmental impacts. Opportunities for solutions to these issues are also discussed.
- An Investigation of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) in Oil and Gas Wells in New York State
Summarizes results of research and analyses of samples taken at oil and gas sites to determine the levels of NORMs. It was concluded that the analyses found no levels of NORM that would adversely effect the public health or environment.