In the United States, more than 4000 people die each year in fires, and approximately 25,000 are injured. Many of these fires could have been prevented and many lives could have been saved if individuals would have been aware of some fire prevention measures. The following fire prevention tips will help you not only prevent a fire but also assist you if you ever experience a fire.
FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS
Fire alarm systems are installed and designed to alert you of a smoke or fire emergency in your building before conditions prevent you from safely leaving. Fire alarm systems include not only smoke detectors but also manual pull stations and horn/strobe units.
- NEVER remove batteries from smoke detectors
- NEVER disconnect, cover or tamper with any fire alarms device
- TAMPERING WITH A SMOKE DETECTOR OR OTHER FIRE ALARM DEVICE NOT ONLY JEOPARDIZES YOUR SAFETY AND THE SAFETY OF OTHERS, IT IS ALSO AGAINST THE LAW!
WHEN A FIRE ALARM SYSTEM SOUNDS, LEAVE THE BUILDING IMMEDIATELY!
EXIT PLANNING (HOME, APARTMENT, OFFICE)
In the event of a fire, remember every second counts. Escape plans help you get out of the building quickly. Smoke and fire can quickly block your escape routes.
- Be familiar with at least two ways out from all areas
- Never open doors that are hot to the touch
- Designate a meeting place outside
- Once Outside - Stay Out of the building
- Conduct a fire drill in your home
HOW TO REPORT A FIRE
- Call 911 from a safe location
- Identify yourself and your location
- Provide information about the fire
COOKING FIRE SAFETY
YOU can help prevent fires and fire alarm activations caused by cooking by following these fire safety prevention tips.
NEVER LEAVE COOKING UNATTENDED
- Cook only where it is permitted
- If a fire starts in a microwave, keep the door closed and unplug the unit
- If you have to leave the stove, microwave or other cooking appliance for any reason, turn the appliance off
- Turn handles to the center of the stove to prevent accidental spills
- Have a lid close by to place on the pan if a fire starts in the pan
- Use approved pot holders, not aprons or towels
- Always turn on the stove exhaust fan
- Avoid grease buildup on appliances and surrounding surfaces
- Clean appliances regularly. Watch for grease overflows that can start fires
- Don't place towels, napkins or other paper products around the stove surface
- Don't wear loose clothing or clothing with floppy sleeves while cooking
- Be familiar with the operation of all your cooking appliances
IF YOU HAVE A GREASE OR OTHER COOKING RELATED FIRE
- NEVER try to move or carry a pan that is on fire. (It is a common reaction to move or throw a burning pan into the sink. This often results in serious burns to individuals and can spread the fire).
- Carefully turn the heat off and place a cover over the pan
- Do not remove the lid until the pan has cooled down
- Never use water on a grease fire. It will cause the fire to spread
- If possible use and approved portable fire extinguisher to extinguish the fire
- Know how to correctly use your fire extinguisher
- Call 911 to report a fire emergency
OPEN FLAMES (CANDLES, INCENSE)
- The presence or use of candles, incense burners and other open flame items is not permitted in university buildings. This includes all apartments, residence halls, offices and research areas.
The use of smoking materials is not permitted in any university building.
- Insure smoking materials are totally extinguished before discarding.
ELECTRICAL CORDS AND APPLIANCES
- Never place electrical cords under rugs or furniture or in areas where it could be damaged by people or equipment.
- Extension cords are designed for temporary use only.
- Do not overload electrical outlets by using multiple plug strips.